Friday, July 17, 2009

Past Tense Plural suffixes in Serbian

Past Tense with Garfield

Džon: Danas sam naporno radio.
Danas - today
Sam - to be ( I am = ja sam)
Raditi - to work (Sing. masc. radio, fem. radila, neuter radilo)
Naporno - hard (to work hard - naporno raditi)

Gafrild: Znači sad je vreme za zabavu.
Znači - it means
Sad - now
Je - to be (it is - to je ('to' refers to 'vreme' (neuter))
Vreme - time
Za - for
Zabavu - entertainment, fun

Practice : Turning Past Tense Sg for masc. and fem. into Plural

As I mentioned in some of the previous posts, in the Past Tense there is an important
distinction among masc. ending in -o, fem. ending in -la, and neuter. ending in -lo.
For Plural, the endings are as follows:
Pl. masc. - li
Pl. fem. - le
Pl. neut. -la

Try to turn the Singular forms for Masc. / Fem. nouns from the previous exercise into Plural:

1. USTATI (GET UP)
1a. TO A GIRL: ustala
TO GIRLS ustale

1b. TO A BOY: ustao
TO BOYS: ustali

2. ZAVRŠITI (FINISH)
2a. TO GIRLS:
2b. TO BOYS:

3. KUPITI (BUY)
3a. TO GIRLS:
3b. TO BOYS:

4. ZABORAVITI (FORGET)
4a. TO GIRLS:
4b. TO BOYS:

5. VIDETI (SEE)
5a. TO GIRLS:
5b. TO BOYS:

6. PRODATI (SELL)
6a. TO GIRLS:
6b. TO BOYS:
7. BITI (TO BE)
7a. TO GIRLS:
7b. TO BOYS:

8. SAKRITI (HIDE)
8a. TO GIRLS:
8b. TO BOYS:

9. UZETI (TAKE)
9a. TO GIRLS:
9b. TO BOYS:

10. DOBITI (GET)
10a. TO GIRLS:
10b. TO BOYS:


Now, do the same with full sentences: Don't forget the verb to be! There are two common word orders:

Formal. S + to be+ Vb+o/la/lo/li/le/la
example: Ona je ustala. (Singular) One su ustale. (Plural)

Informal. Vb+o/la/lo/li/le/la + To Be
example. Ustala je. (Singular) Ustale su. (Plural)

1 comment:

Ivan i Marina said...

key
2. ZAVRŠITI (FINISH)
2a. TO GIRLS: završile su
2b. TO BOYS: završili su
3. KUPITI (BUY)
3a. TO GIRLS: kupile su
3b. TO BOYS: kupili su
4. ZABORAVITI (FORGET)
4a. TO GIRLS: zaboravile su
4b. TO BOYS: zaboravili su
5. VIDETI (SEE)
5a. TO GIRLS: videle su
5b. TO BOYS: videli su
6. PRODATI (SELL)
6a. TO GIRLS: prodale su
6b. TO BOYS: prodali su
7. BITI (TO BE)
7a. TO GIRLS: bile su
7b. TO BOYS: bili su
8. SAKRITI (HIDE)
8a. TO GIRLS: sakrile su
8b. TO BOYS: sakrili su
9. UZETI (TAKE)
9a. TO GIRLS: uzele su
9b. TO BOYS: uzeli su
10. DOBITI (GET)
10a. TO GIRLS: dobile su
10b. TO BOYS: dobili su

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