Skip to main content

Posts

Showing posts from February, 2010

Serbian With Garfield

JA SAM DUH IZ TEGLE SA KOLAČIMA
JA - I
SAM - am
DUH - ginie / spirit / ghost
IZ - from
TEGLA - jar
SA - with
KOLAČ - cookie

ISPUNIĆU TI TRI ŽELJE

ISPUNITI - fulfil
TI (TEBI) - to you
TRI - three
ŽELJA - wish


NIKAD NEMA KOLAČA KADA SU TI POTREBNI

NIKAD - never
NEMA - there isn't any / negative of 'have'
KADA - when
SU - (they) ARE
TI - you
TREBATI - to need
POTREBNI - needed
********************************************************* pronunciation

STEP 1: CLICK THIS LINK TO PRONOUNCE WORDS SLOWLY
(if you are accessing the audio link for the first time, make sure you click the button 'log in as a guest' when asked for the password and user name)
STEP 2: CLICK THIS LINK TO LISTEN TO THE CARTOON AND READ IT ALONG
(My assistant was happy to act out the dialogue and record it for you - it was me who cut the last vowel 'i' in 'potrebni')
STEP 3: PRACTISE READING YOURSELF

********************************************************* grammar exercises
STEP 1:…

Adverbs, Adjectives and Nouns in Serbian - Word Order

The Serbian language has fairly free word order because of its numerous suffixes for various categories. Let's see how to rephrase the sentences from the post on Adjectives and Nouns introducing an Adverb 'zaista', which means ''really''.

Formula:
This + BE + (article which doesn't exist in Serbian) really + Adj + Noun
Noun + BE + really + Adj

adjectives: LEP / JAK / VISOK / VELIK / SKUP
a. Ovo je zaista lepa knjiga = Ovo je lepa knjiga zaista = Zaista ovo je lepa knjiga = Zaista lepa je knjiga ovo.*

b. Knjiga je zaista lepa = Knjiga je lepa zaista = Zaista knjiga je lepa = Zaista lepa je knjiga.*
*less common word orders
___________ momak. (young man)
___________ automobil. (car)
___________ nos. (nose)
___________ zgrada. (building)
___________ kuća. (house)
___________ sto. (table)
___________ torba. (bag)
___________ dete. (child)___________ zrno. (grain)

Vuku Karadžiću

Vuk je hteo, gde god krene,
Da se ljudi opismene,
Za slobodu da se bore,
I za jezik kojim zbore.

Ostašte nam posle Vuka
Lepa slova i azbuka.
Sad ih piše svaka ruka
Sa radošću i bez muka.

Vuk je bio dobre volje,
Vuk je bio prepun sreće
Kad pobedi ono bolje,
Kad se stekne znanje veće.

Ranko Simović

For your homework:
Listen to this poem and try to copy it in Cyrillic script :)
(if you are asked for username and password, click 'log in as a guest' to be able to listen to MP3)

Serbian Adjectives and Nouns in Genitive Case

After doing the exercise in Nominative, both Singular and Plural, let's move onto
Genetive case: (to find out which case is Genetive ask the following quiestons: ‘Of whom, whose’ (od koga) or ‘of what’ (čega)

Example: Some 'se' verbs require Genetive, like to be scared OF 'plašiti se' or to take hold OF 'dočepati se'
Singular: Plašim se skupog automobila.

adjectives: LEP / JAK / VISOK / VELIK / SKUP
___________ knjigE. (book)___________ momkA. (young man)___________ automobilA. (car)___________ nosA. (nose)___________ zgradE. (building)___________ kućE. (house)___________ stoLA. (table)___________ torbE. (bag)___________ deteTA. (child)___________ zrnA. (grain) Adjectives + Plural Nouns in Genetive:

adjectives: LEP / JAK / VISOK / VELIK / SKUP
(beautiful/strong/tall/big, large/expensive)

*Try to use all the adjectives that collocate with the nouns as follows:
Example:
Plural: ...od lepih knjiga.
___________ momakA.___________ automobilA.___________ nosEVA.__________…

How to use Adjectives in Serbian

I have already written about a special relationship between adjectives and nouns in Serbian. Just to remind you, adjectives not only change according to Sg/Pl, but also according to gender and case. Therefore, I'll continue with my exercises for different categories. I hope Ivan will be willing to record the answers for you, when he comes back from school (I'll post the link here).
Adjectives + Singular Nouns in Nominative (from the previous post)
adjectives: LEP / JAK / VISOK / VELIK / SKUP
___________ knjiga. (book)
___________ momak. (young man)
___________ automobil. (car)
___________ nos. (nose)
___________ zgrada. (building)
___________ kuća. (house)
___________ sto. (table)
___________ torba. (bag)
___________ dete. (child)
___________ zrno. (grain)
Adjectives + Plural Nouns in Nominative:
adjectives: LEP / JAK / VISOK / VELIK / SKUP
(beautiful/strong/tall/big, large/expensive)
*Try to use all the adjectives that collocate with the nouns as follows:
For example: lepE / velikE / skupE kn…