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Showing posts from 2016

Stranac u Srbiji: Dr Erhard Busek

Colours in Serbian with YleeKids

While creating another Serbian lesson for kids, I came across a very useful song which can teach you how to pronounce the colours (boje) clearly.




Colours in Serbian Latin Alphabet version 
Prvi deo Crveni auto x2Zeleni auto x2Plavi auto x2Žuti auto x2Crni auto x2Ljubičasti auto x2Roza auto x2Narandžasti auto x2Braon (smeđi) auto x2Beli auto x2Drugi deo 2:30
Šta je ovo? Jedna knjiga. Koje boje je ta knjiga? Crvene je boje baš kao i moj krevet.Šta je ovo? Jedno drvo. Koje boje je to drvo? Zelene je boje da li vidiš? Da vidim.Šta je ovo? Jedan limun. Koje boje je taj limun? Žute boje baš, kao puding naš.Šta je ovo? Kutijica. Koje je boje kutijica? Narandžaste baš kao i lisica. *** Šta je ovo? Jedna olovka. Koje je boje olovka? Boje je plave, znam, znam da je, šta je.Šta je ovo? Jedan šešir. Koje je boje taj šešir. Crne boje baš, kao i mačor naš.Šta je ovo? Jedno jaje. Koje boje je to jaje? Bele je boje, znam, znam da je, šta je.Šta je ovo? Ovo jedan miš. Koje boje je taj miš? Braon kao kuća …

Pronouns in Serbian in Accusative

In one of the very first posts I created on this blog, there was a list of the keywords when talking about yourself . It was published back in 2008 and you can find it by clicking on this link.

Now, if we use these words in context, we can see how the personal pronouns referring to the same words can be often heard. Let's practice such sentences together!

Masc./Neuter  Sg Nouns in Accusative >>> Corresponding Pronouns (on / ono  >>> ga/njega)

IME = first name.............................................Koje je vaše ime? Možete li da ga ponovite? PREZIME = surname.....................................Koje je vaše prezime? Možete li da ga ponovite? DEVOJAČKO PREZIME = maiden name....Koje je vaše devojačko prezimee? Možete li da _____ ponovite? MESTO ROĐENJA = place of birth...............Gde ste rođeni? Ponovite Vaše mesto rođenja! Možete li da ____ napišete?DATUM ROĐENJA = date of birth...............Kad ste rođeni? Ponovite Vaše datum rođenja! Možete li da ____ napi…

Expanding Serbian Vocabulary - Money Matters

Here comes a  set of commonly used phrases when talking about money and banks:

Trošiti novac (imperfective) // potrošiti (perfective) = to spend (money)Dobijati (imp) // dobiti (perf) = to get Skupljati (imp) // skupiti (perf) = to collectBacati (imp) // baciti (perf)= to throwŠtedeti (imp) // uštedeti  (perf)= to save (money)Davati (imp)// dati (perf) = to givePozajmljivati (imp) // pozajmiti  (perf)= to borrow/lendZarađivati (imp) // zaraditi (perf) = to earn
To see how to use these verbs and common collocations, read this sad story about Mića and his best man Todor:
Rešenje i prevod:

Advanced Serbian with Državni Posao - 2

Since Državni posao is quite difficult for lower levels, I'll just post a bunch of simple questions for the more advanced learners of Serbian to choose from.

1. Koja se sve hrana / jela pominju u ovoj seriji?

a. mleko
b. parmezan
c. salata
d. rukola
e. goveđi gulaš
f. eurokrem
g. krastavac
h. limun
i. pivo
j. paprikaš od mladih svraka
k. hleb
l. lovorov list
m. rečna riba n. gustin
2. Ko je sve "food blogger"?
a. Đorđe Čvarkov
b. Boškićeva mama
c. Žika
d. Fuad Bloger3. Kako se zove Žikin blog?
a. Majdanpekač
b. Sponzor
c. Kefirpičeta4. Ko ima sponzore na svom blogu?
a. Mama
b. Baba
c. Šilovićka
d. Žika5. Koliko košta limun?
a. 100 dinara
b. 200 dinara
c. 400 dinara
d. 500 dinara6. Koliko Žika dobija novca po baneru? 
a. 10 evra
b. 100 evra
c. 1000 evra When you are ready, click #read more to check the answers:

Serbian Language with Recipes - Exotic Chicken

In today's "Radni ručak" we can enjoy watching "Piletina lampia" with the chef Samir and  beautiful Milena.

Listen to the video and try to answer the following questions:

1. Jedan sastojak je viška. Koji?

piletinacrvena paprikatikvicacrni luksopirinačmedananasbananašampinjonišargarepapavlakabibersirće 2. Od čega se sastoji sledeće jelo - koji oblik nije gramatički tačan? od piletineod crvene paprikeod tikviceod crnog lukaod solijaod pirinčaod medaod ananasaod bananeod šampinjonaod šargarepeod pavlakeod biberaod sirćeta 3. Koje imenice nedostaju iza glagola koje sam navela? iseći seći ... na kockicedodati ...staviti ... da se pečeiseći ... na krupnoiseći ... na pola, pa još na polaiseći ... na sitne kockicedodati ... i papriku na krajusipati polako ...koristimo neutralnu ... ili ... za kuvanjedodati malo ...kao podlogu ćemo staviti ...dodaćemo još malo ... i to bi bilo to Answer key:

Furniture in Serbian - Expand your Vocabulary

In the previous month I posted a few exercises for you to practice how to pronounce rooms in a flat in Serbian. There was an exercise to help you write and read the same words both in the  Latin and Cyrillic script. I hope you liked all the exercises.

 Now it's time to expand the vocabulary and learn about the furniture in different rooms. Here comes an exercise with flash cards to help you hear and pronounce the words correctly!

Furniture in Serbian

Games with Furniture in Serbian  To simply recognize the words, play the Scatter game by pulling the photos over the words or vice versa.


When you are ready to practice writing and actively connecting photos with the words, enjoy playing

Gravity orSpaceRace As usual, there is a vocabulary game, but this time it's a hangman game based on some of the words from the previous exercises.


My Room In Serbian - Lesson 9

Personal Pronouns in Accusative

In the previous post you could see the different forms of pronouns in the Accusative case in Serbian:

There are quite a lot of verbs which require the Accusative, and "voleti" or "to love" obviously requires a direct object. Therefore you'll come across this form in many a song: MENE / ME Da li me voliš? = Voliš li me? (me)TEBE/ TE    Ja te volim  =  Volim te (you)NJU / JU / JE   Volim je / Bože, koliko je volim (her)NJEGA / GA   Pustite da ga volim / Volim ga majko (him)NAS  Da ima nas (us)*(couldn't find "love + us" songs, so I added "have + us")VAS  Ja vas volim obe (you, Plural)NJIH / IH Volim ih (them)
The same goes for the verb ZVATI. Since we are going to practice Serbian with two songs with this verb, let's start with a bit of theory:

and then let's practice with a game: If you like these Quizlet exercises, here's one more with the verbs to see and to go to (Videti i Ići u + Akuzativ)
Finally, when you feel confident u…

How to Practice Personal Pronouns through Cases

If you are familiar with the personal pronouns in Serbian in the Nominative case, it's time for you to their different forms through various cases.

The clever way is to approach these more complicated forms through the texts you've done before, using the pronouns instead of nouns. For example:



If we turn all the nouns into the corresponding pronouns, we would get a fun story:

Želim da kupim njih. = Želim da ih kupim.Da li  imate njih, ali u plavoj boji? = Da li ih imate, ali plave?Da li možete da mi pokažete nju i njih = Da li možete da mi je pokažete i da mi ih pokažete?Želim da kupim nju, nju i nju i njih. = Želim da je kupim i želim da ih kupim. Now I have two questions: What does each pronoun in bold refer to?What changes does the word order cause?

However, the easiest way is to learn pronouns is through songs and exercises:

Personal pronouns in the Dative with "Kafu mi draga ispeci"Personal pronoun "we" in different forms with "Moja draga" Perso…

Beautiful Songs about Serbia - Serbia mía

Have you ever heard of this beautiful song about Serbia, by Mirko Radović? If not, I am sure you will enjoy listening to it now and come back to it because if its gentleness and a catchy tune!


In case you don't understand Spanish, I'll share with you the author's words about the song, 
"Rodio sam se daleko, i tek nakon više od 50 godina sam uspeo da se povežem sa mojom porodicom. Nikada neću zaboraviti taj trenutak. Siguran sam da su me moj otac i baba i deda gledali sa neba i da su danas jako srećni zbog toga. Ova pesma je istinita priča o mom ponovnom susretu sa domovinom, pretočena u stihove." along with the lyrics in Spanish

*** Lyrics ***           Serbia mía
Siento el silbido que despierta, Siento el dulce aroma de un café

Siento cada abrazo, cada beso y las caricias
Que la noche nos dejó tan solo ayer
Siento que mis manos aún te buscan
Siento que tuvimos que partir
Siento cada calle, cada plaza, cada parque
Los rincones que nos vieron sonreir…
Lo siento, Serbía mí…

Vocabulary in Serbian - Rooms and Furniture

While working on my Serbian language courses, I keep creating tests, exercises, video lessons and fun games. The beauty of technology nowadays is that everything is so "shareable" and "embedable" :)
Furniture in Serbian - Flash Cards with Pronunciation Simply type the word you hear (on the right hand side you'll see the explanation in English)


Practicing Serbian Cyrillic with New Vocabulary Match the same words in Latin and Cyrillic script

Doing Fun Rooms 'n' Furniture Vocabulary Exercises in Serbian Exercise 1: Unfortunately, this one is not embeddable, simply click here.

Exercise 2 is very similar to the previous one - simply click on the point which shows the word written at the top of the picture.

Practicing Superlatives - Advanced Serbian

It really makes my day when I come across an excellent video in Serbian with perfect pronunciation,  along with subtitles. This is exactly what I want to share with you today! After watching this video you could choose only five photos out of ten to tell me which photo is the funniest, the most incredible, the stupidest, the best and the most interesting one!

Speaking Exercise with Superlatives in Serbian 
Dok gledate video odlučite koja fotografija je
najsmešnija (smešan = funny)najneverovatnija (neverovatan = impossible)najgluplja (glup =stupid)najbolja (dobar = good)najinteresantnija (interesantan = interesting)

i ostavite (audio) odgovor u komentaru ispod:

Serbian for Children with Songs

A few weeks ago I started creating simple lessons for children who are learning Serbian across the world. At first I thought there would be lack of simple and fun songs for the first few lessons, but as it transpired I was wrong. On  Nykk Deetronic's Youtube channel I came across a few great songs, such as:

Mi smo pilićiIde zmijaMama voli bebu as well as easy to understand short cartoons, such as  Na piknikuU vrtiću
Today I would like to share a version of Nykk's "Pilići smo mi" by IDJKids, with additional fun exercises I created:



Serbian for Children with Songs
Which words are missing? (More about the verb TO BE in Serbian)

Piju, piju, piju - piju, piju, piju x 3
Mi ____ pilići
Piju, piju, piju
Mali radosni
Jupi, jupi piju x3
Mama govori "Koko roko koko da"

Mi ____ pilići
Piju, piju, piju
Mali radosni
Jupi, jupi piju
________   govori "Kukuriku kukuku"

Mi ____ pilići
Piju, piju, piju
Mali radosni
Jupi, jupi piju
________   govori "av, av, av, …

Serbian Vowels Pronounced

Let me announce that the time of low quality video lessons is over. I am sure you will enjoy watching one of the introductory videos on how to pronounce Serbian vowels with a brand new tool :)
Serbian Vowels Although there are only five + one vowels in Serbian: A, E, I, O & U + R, one must take into account that there is also a distinction between long and short vowels. This difference is not seen in orthography, but the stressed ones are more often the longer ones. 
Today I simply want to introduce you to the simplicity of the pronunciation of the basic five vowels, and then in the following videos we'll work on the pronunciation of the "sixth vowel" in Serbian, the syllable forming R, as well as the long and short vowel pronunciation and stress within a word. 

Practicing Pronouns in Serbian

Let's practice pronouns in Serbian while singing this beautiful song :)


Future Tense in Serbian

It's simply not enough to understand how to form the future tense in Serbianand its somewhat complicated word order! You need to practise as much as possible.

Future Tense in Serbian


Future Tense in Serbian with "Ej žalim žalim"
And what an enjoyable practice can it be when you simply  sing it! That's why I am focusing today on this beautiful song featuring the future tense in Serbian  :)


Learning Serbian by Singing with Sanja Vučić

This is the perfect moment for you to meet our gorgeous Sanja Vučić and practice Serbian while listening to this interview,






and doing a listening comprehension exercise based on her story:
Odakle je Sanja?Koliko ima godina?Kada je snimljen ovaj intervju?Gde Sanja sada živi?Šta je želela da studira?Gde je njena mama sada?Od kada Sanja prati Evroviziju?Kako se zvala njena osnovna škola?Da li je Sanja bila bolji đak u osnovnoj ili srednjoj školi?Ko Sanju podržava?Koju vrstu muzike Sanjini roditelji vole?Kako je Sanja opisala svoju majku?Da li Sanja ima dečka trenutno?Gde je sve Sanja pevala?Da li Sanja sada želi da bude operska pevačica?Kada je Sanja bila jako srećna?Koje trenutke Sanja uvek zaboravlja?
... or practice singing with her



p.s. don't forget to vote for her tonight!

Stress Patterns in Serbian

The following two videos are great for the students at upper-intermediate and advanced levels who are interested in stress patterns in Serbian and who can easily read Serbian Cyrillic script.




15 Most Frequent Adjectives in Serbian

When I started teaching Serbian I relied on the textbooks which taught commonly used adjectives one might need, such as "gladan" (hungry), "žedan" (thirsty), "lep" (beautiful), srećan (happy), tužan (sad) etc. This makes sense, doesn't it?

However, when I flicked through the list of the most frequently used adjectives I was surprised to find out that none of the "useful" ones was listed!!! That's why I made three sets of Quizlet exercises and recorded the pronunciation for the each of the 15 most frequent adjectives in Serbian, so you can learn them by choosing the activity you like best: Flash cardsLearning activitySpelling activityTestsScatter gameGravity gameSpacerace game 
15 Most Frequent Adjectives in Serbian - Masc. Sg. Form


15 Most Frequent Adjectives in Serbian - Fem. Sg. Form
15 Most Frequent Adjectives in Serbian - Neut. Sg. Form


If you just started learning Serbian it can prove useful simply to do different quizlet activities …

Aspect in Serbian with Verbs Describing House Chores

How to Practice Aspect in Serbian? When talking about aspect in Serbian, I must admit it is best learnt by using the phrases in everyday situations. A good example is a set of the most frequently used verbs when talking about house chores:


Imperfective vs. Perfective Aspect in Serbian   Prati / oprati sudove = to be washing / to wash the dishesRaspremati / raspremiti = to be tidying up / to tidy upUsisati / usisavati = to be hoovering / to hooverČistiti / (p)očistiti = to be cleaning / to cleanBrisati / obrisati = to be wiping / to wipeKuvati / skuvati = to be cooking / to cookPržiti / ispržiti = to be frying / to fryPeći / ispeći = to be baking / to bakePeglati / opeglati = to be ironing / to iron

Extensive Reading and Listening 1

It is such a delight to simply watch fun films, series or cartoons or read interesting books in Serbian and pick up the language, isn't it? This is known as extensive reading (or listening). It helps one to speed up the learning process and expand vocabulary very quickly and effortlessly. With authentic films and novels it helps you improve from an intermediate to more advanced levels.

That is why I am sharing with you the well known Pop Ćira and Pop Spira series based on the novel by Stevan Sremac.

Episode 1



Episode 2



Episode 3



For more similar series and films, check out this Youtube playlist - click here.






Common Mistakes in Serbian - 2

Another fun video about the most common mistakes in Serbian is coming your way:
Common Mistakes in Serbian
So, which of these are the correct options:

a. bombona
b. bonbona
c. ne bi
d. ne bih
e. nizašta
f. ni za šta


Learn Serbian Phrases with Beogradski Sindikat 1

I guess it is just the perfect time to learn a bunch of commonly used phrases and collocations in Serbian with a newly released song "Sistem te laže" by Beogradski sindikat.

I created a new kind of exercise, with dropdown suggested answers, so you don't need to write while listening to the song, but simply click on the option you hear. You can also try to do the exercise before listening to the song, in order to guess what's missing. 

Make sure you listen to the song once again, following the same lyrics in the Cyrillic script!

Common Mistakes in Serbian

I must tell you that I am more than happy that there has been more and more educational videos about the Serbian language. They cover different topics, such as:
Pronunciation of Serbian with NadaSerbian Grammar  - Jezičke nedoumice Common mistakes in Serbian - Negujmo srpski Today I wanted to present the series of short videos about the most common mistakes in Serbian called Negujmo srpski jezik! The first video in the series is about the words "all" and "he acted". Common Mistakes in Serbian - sve or svo?


After listening to this video can you tell which of  the mentioned words is correct (tačna) and which one is incorrect (netačna): svesvoglumeoglumio You can use the following form to say what you think: 
Mislim da je reč "svo" netačna / tačna.
Let' check the correct answers:

Learn Common Serbian Phrases with Mikela

If you liked the previous post about the common Serbian phrases, I am sure you will like the following set of phrases people tend to use in  daily conversations when they meet the friends they haven't seen for quite a while.

I will add a translation next to the each phrase, so you can see what is only natural to ask if you have a friend who is from Serbia, Bosnia, Montenegro or Croatia :) You will see that there are no "safe" topics about the weather though, lol:)


Đesi ba?* = Where are you? =what's up?
šta ima? = what's up?
kako si? = how are you?
šta radiš? = what are you doing?
ima li šta novo da me iznenadiš? 
= is there anything new to surprise me?

Kad si doš'o? = When did you come back?
kad se vraćaš? = when are you coming back?
vidiš li ti ovo? = can you see what's happening?
i kako ti to shvaćaš? = and what's your take on that?

Šta planiraš danas? = What are your plans for today? (what are you gonna do?)
jesi l' sutra šta planiro? = have you planned an…

Common Phrases in Serbian

Common Phrases in Serbian I am sure you liked the previous post where you could practice  pronouncing "Laku noć" which means "Good night". Today we are going to practice saying "Dobro jutro" or "Good morning" with this fun commercial:



It is actually based on a well known song by Bajaga, called "Dobro jutro, džezeri".
Džezeri is short for "jazz players", but in this ad this word is changed to "džezVeri", because the word "đezva" or "džezva" means a specific coffee pot, like this one:


At the very end you are also going to hear how chicken's "piu-piu" is used in the meaning of "they drink" = Piju (to drink = piti: conjugations>>> pijem - piješ - pije // pijemo - pijete - piju)
Now, here comes Bajaga's song with the lyrics, so you can compare the two:

New Lesson to Practice Accusative in Serbian

After two months of adjusting an old course of mine to the new set of quality criteria at Udemy, Serbian 102 has been approved and is visible for anyone interested in learning Serbian at pre-intermediate level. I'm adding now additional new video lessons such as this one:

 Accusative in Serbian


and quizzes:

Quizzes with  Accusative in Serbian
TEST - 15 rečenica

Example with Sg. JA + IĆI + CRKVA >>> Idem u crkvu
Example with Pl. TI + VIDETI + MOSTOVI >>> Vidiš mostove

LEARN

SPACERACE

Pronunciation of Exercise  You can record a similar story with www.Vocaroo.com














Most Common Phrases in Serbian

Common Phrases when Saying Goodnight
Here comes a fun commercial which is great for you to practice authentic language, especially the word "laku noć" = goodnight,  you'll see why :)



I couldn't resist creating a short exercise based on it! Simply pull the words listed above to the appropriate gaps.
Common Phrases Task - Saying Goodnight in Serbian

International Mother Language Day

Today is the International Mother Language Day. Mother tongue is part of the cultural identity of a people, the point of recognition, diversity, tolerance and understanding. Taking care of the mother tongue is a way of proving the people's awareness of their own identity. 

The legacy of the Serbian Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja says: "My dear child, guard your language as your country. Word can be lost as a city, as a country, as a soul. And what is a people if it loses its language, country, soul? Do not take someone else's word in your mouth. If you take a foreign word, know that you didn't conquer it, you've actually alienated yourself. It's better to lose the biggest and the toughest city of your country than the smallest and the least significant word of your language. People who lose their own words cease to exist as people."

***Many thanks to Meet the Serbs FB page for this post and translation:

Данас је Међународни дан матерњег језика. Матерњи језик је…

Serbian Verb to Go to with Places

The topic of today's lesson is the verb IĆI U/NA(to go to) followed by different places. Because of the preposition U/NA, which mean in/at/on in English, students tend to make a mistake and use the Locative case of a noun instead of the Accusative. However, since IĆI U is the verb which denotes movement, we can translate it with GO TO and then it is followed by the Accusative.

So, with today's Quizlet set we will be  practicing:

different conjugations of the verb IĆI in its imperfective form: idem (sada)  = I am going to (now). prepositions U vs. NAAccusative Singular nouns (there is a change only with the Feminine nouns, which drop the final A and add U) Learning Serbian Verb to Go to with Places

Practicing Serbian Verb to Go to with Places

Test with Serbian Verb to Go to with Places

Serbian for Beginners in Cyrillic and Latin Alphabet

Yesterday I made two brand new Quizlet exercises as a follow up of the following video Serbian exercise for beginners, both in the Serbian Cyrillic script and Latin alphabet. 



If you are not sure what some words mean, do check them out with the following flash cards:

Once you feel confident about the meaning of the words, feel free to  do the following exercises in the Cyrillic script:

or Latin Alphabet:




How to Pronounce Serbian R?

How to Pronounce Serbian R?
If you patiently listen to Nada Zeković until the very end of the video below, you'll find out what is the secret of the accurate pronunciation of the Serbian "r". Verovali ili ne,  the secret is in its vibration :) Watch, listen, repeat and practice!




The position of the tip of the tongue is upfront, behind the upper front  teeth.Besides, there's a slight vibration. (Listen to Nada comparing Spanish and Serbian name "Oskar" ) Advice on How to Pronounce Serbian R?

According to Nada, the best way is to practice by : simply running round the house saying the vibrant "rrrrr" :)focusing on sound clusters such as "pr" (pravo, prvi, pre, preko, prošlo...), and later on other words with this sound! Best of luck!

How to Congratulate Orthodox Christmas in Serbian?

Merry Christmas to everyone celebrating it today! In the previous years I have shared with you:

the most beautiful Christmas songs in Serbianthe most useful links about Christmashow to pronounce the Christmas greetings in Serbian and today and in the next seven days, until Serbian New Year,  I want to give you a  Christmas gift of a free online course!




I also want to share with you the best Christmas SMS or IMs to be sent on this day which I found on various websites:
Christmas SMS for religious  family and friends In the Cyrillic Script via Duhoviti website

Лепшег јутра од данашњег нема, ко је верник за Божић сеспрема. Срце твоје љубав нека води, мир Божији и Христоссе роди! Ту где се бадњак данас ложи, у том дому срећа нек се множи, нека срећназвездакроз живот вас води Мир Божији и Христоссе роди!


In the Latin Alphabet

Lepšeg jutra od današnjeg nema, ko je vernik za Božić se sprema. Srce tvoje ljubav neka vodi, mir Božiji i Hristos se rodi!

Tu gde se badnjak danas loži, u tom domu s…