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Showing posts with label Dative in Serbian. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Dative in Serbian. Show all posts

Saturday, August 10, 2013

Case Practice - the Dative with Adjectives

In order to the following exercise easily, I'd suggest you flick through the previous posts on the topic of the Dative case in Serbian:

Now that you feel more confident about the form and usage, let's try to do two exercises:
  1. try to figure out how adjectives agree with a noun in Dative (what are the endings)
  2. you can listen to the instructions and repeat the same  phrases only with the pronouns in this case (Sg. njemu -mu (masc), njoj-joj (fem.) or Pl. njima-im)

Wednesday, March 06, 2013

Serbian Lesson 4 for Pre-intermediate Level

I'm sure that now you are much more confident in using the Locative case to express where you are:
Last time you practised the Locative with the verbs:
  • govoriti = to speak
  • živeti = to live 
In this fourth lesson at pre-intermediate level of Serbian, you are going to discover that the Dative case  which combines with the verbs describing movement, like "going towards" = ići ka, has the same form as the Locative, which is awesome!
Before we do this fun exercise (in my classes my students and I play this language game), let me remind you of the conjugations for the new verb, which we'll need in this lesson:
  • ići = to go
We'll need the imperative form "go", which can be used :
  • formally: "idite ka" ("go towards" with Vi)
  • informally: "idi ka" ("go towards" with ti)

Wednesday, May 25, 2011

Verbs of Movement in Locative, Dative and Accusative Case in Serbian Language

In the Serbian language, one can express location using the verbs which require nouns in different cases.
The dative and locative case have the same form, but wheras the dative case needs a verb which  denotes movement and direction, the locative case requires a stative verb or verbs expressing who we are talking about 
Dative: 
Sg. Fem. Kreni prema kući. Prilazim crkvi. (krenuti prema = leave for, prilaziti = approach)
Sg. Masc. Idi ka Beogradu. Kreni prema muzeju. (ići prema, krenuti prema)
Sg. Neuter. Idi ka selu. Krećemo se ka jezeru.  (ići ka, kretati ka = "ka" is the same as "prema")
Plural: Prilazimo + kućama, crkvama, jezerima, selima, muzejima
Locative: 
Sg. Fem. Sedim u kući. Ja sam u crkvi. (sedeti u = sit in )
Sg. Masc. On priča o Briselu. (pričati = to talk)
Sg. Neuter. Nalazim se u selu. (nalaziti se  = to be in/at)
Plural: Pričam o + kućama, crkvama, oblacima, dvorištima, selima (I'm talking about houses, churches, clouds, gardens and villages)

The accusative case is also used with the verbs which denote movement, but it denotes the aim  or goal, as can be seen in the following examples:
Sg. Fem. Idem u Budimpeštu. Ptica sleće na granu. (ići u = go to, sleteti=land)
Sg. Masc. Izađi pred muzej.  Avion sleće na aerodrom. (izađi pred = come to, sleteti)
Sg. Neuter. Izađi u dvorište. Stigli smo na selo. (stići = arrive)
Pl. Fem: Ptice sleću na grane. 
Pl. Masc. Izađi pred muzeje.
Pl. Neuter. Reka teče kroz sela. 

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