As you can see, there's a bunch of characters speaking to you in Serbian (written both in the Cyrillic and Latin alphabet :) Because they are talking about where they are right now, they are using (guess what?) the Genitive case. Now, I have a few tasks for you. Let's find out:
A. Who is saying what? = Ko šta kaže?
- Sunce kaže:
- Majmun kaže:
- Ptica kaže:
- Dečko kaže:
B. Where are = Gde su...
- dečko (a boy)
- devojčica (a girl)
- pingvin (a penguin)
- ptica (a bird)
- majmun (a monkey)
- sunce (the sun)
- mačka (a cat)
C. One Cyrillic text is missing - which one? Write it in the comment below:
Serbian Genitive with Sg. Feminine Nouns
I hope you have mastered your Genitive with Sg. Masc. nouns. That's why we are working on the nouns which are Fem. Sg. today. Look at the examples:
- Ja sam iznad zgrade! Ko sam ja? Da li sam ja ptica?
- Danas sam ispred zgrade! Ko sam ja? Da li sam ja mačka?
- Oni su iznad mene! Ko su oni? Ko sam ja?
- On nije iznad mačke! Ja sam iznad mačke! Ko sam ja?
What happens with the following nouns?
- zgrada = building
- ptica = bird
- mačka = cat
- devojčica = girl
- voda = water
when they follow the prepositions:
- iznad = above or over
- ispod = below or under
- iz = from
- pored = near or beside
By looking the examples, you can see that the final -a disappears, becoming an -e:
- Iznad zgradE = above the building
- Ispod pticE = under the bird
- Pored mačkE = beside the cat
- Iza devojčicE = behind the girl
- Iznad vodE = above the water
Asking simple questions with the verb TO BE in Serbian
I am sure you have noticed two types of questions in this exercise:
- Wh-? questions: Ko sam ja = Who am I and Ko su oni? Who are they?
- Yes-no questions: Da li sam ja pingvin? = Am I a penguin?
With the verb to be=biti, it is obvious that there is
- a wh-? question word before an inversion (ja sam becomes KO sam ja)
- da li question phrase before an inversion (ja sam becomes DA LI sam ja)
Yes, it's that simple :)
Rešenje = Solution
Now that you understand EVERYTHING, it's time to solve the mystery...