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Serbian Verbs - Short Story 1

Serbian Verbs in Short Stories

Recently I have considered* a list of the most frequently used Serbian verbs and I decided to write short stories and dialogues based on them. In* the first ten often used verbs, the following four are in this story:
  • biti
  • imati
  • jesti
  • videti
I also added the verb "voleti" in this group, which is actually at 31st position according to its frequency, but I hope you won't mind!
Can you translate this dialogue into your mother tongue? I will translate it into English and this will help you to check your own translation. If you happen to have time, do send it (via comment maybe?), because it will help other students all over the world in the future!

*Sorry for the clumsy translation, I was trying to stick to the Serbian original text which can be found here.

Dialogues in English and Serbian


Ovo je plaža. Ja sam na plaži. Gde si ti? This is a beach. I am on the beach. Where are you? Ja sam na plaži. Da li me vidiš? I am on the beach. Do you see me? Vidim kolač. Vidim svećice. Ko ima rođendan? I see the cake. I see the candles. Who is having a birthday? Ja imam rođendan. Kada ti imaš rođendan? I have a birthday. When are you having your birthday? Imam rođendan danas. Danas mi je rođendan. I am having my birthday today. Today is my birthday. Da li vidiš moj poklon? Šta je moj poklon? Do you see my present? What is my present? Vidim poklon. Šta je to? Da li je to kolač? I see your present. What is it? Is it a cake? Da, to su kolači! Volim da jedem kolače. A ti? Yes, these are cakes! I like to eat cakes. And you? Naravno! Svi vole da jedu kolače! Ko to ne voli? Of course! Everyone loves to eat cakes! Who doesn't? Svi volimo da jedemo kolače! We all love to eat cakes! Volim prirodu, volim drveće, šumu i oblake. A ti? I like the nature, I like trees, forest and clouds. And you? I ja volim prirodu kao i ti. Voliš li cveće? I also like the nature, like you do. Do you like flowers? Kako da ne! Isti smo! Volimo cveće! Svi ga vole. Sure! We are the same! We like flowers! Everyone likes them. Ja ga ne volim! Volim banane! Voliš li ti banane? I don't like them! I like bananas! Do you like bananas?

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Verb Conjugations in Serbian

Serbian belongs to a group of (highly) flective languages, and as such its verbs have conjugations. This means that you have to pay attention to the suffixes which are added to the stem of the verbs. If you have a dictionary of Serbian, you will notice that infinitive endings are -iti, -ati, -eti, -ti and sometimes -ći. In order to learn conjugations, it is wise to know that the suffixes for each person singular or plural are added to the verb stem (base verb without infinitive endings). For example:
infinitive of the verb 'to love': voleti
verb stem: vol (so, in the photo, you can se 'VOLim' not 'volEm' (which is wrong, but not in all parts of Serbia ... I think if you LOVE someone, whichever language you are using, you cannot be wrong ;)

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