Skip to main content

Expanding Serbian Vocabulary - Money Matters

Here comes a  set of commonly used phrases when talking about money and banks:

  1. Trošiti novac (imperfective) // potrošiti (perfective) = to spend (money)
  2. Dobijati (imp) // dobiti (perf) = to get 
  3. Skupljati (imp) // skupiti (perf) = to collect
  4. Bacati (imp) // baciti (perf)= to throw
  5. Štedeti (imp) // uštedeti  (perf)= to save (money)
  6. Davati (imp)// dati (perf) = to give
  7. Pozajmljivati (imp) // pozajmiti  (perf)= to borrow/lend
  8. Zarađivati (imp) // zaraditi (perf) = to earn

To see how to use these verbs and common collocations, read this sad story about Mića and his best man Todor:

Rešenje i prevod:

Mića troši puno novca iako malo zarađuje. Juče je na primer potrošio deset hiljada u kafani! Najgore od svega je što on uopšte nije zardio taj novac već ga je pozajmio od svog kuma Todora, koji je vrlo štedljiv. Sve što zaradi Todor štedi u srpskim bankama i juče je konačno podigao novac koji je štedeo tri godine. Međutim, baš tad se pojavio Mića na vratima i tražio malu pozajmicu. Todor nije imao srca da mu kaže ne i tako je dao Mići pare. Kao što već znate, Mića je isto veče sve te pare potrošio. Bacio ih je na piće  u lokalnoj kafani.  

Prevod na engleski:

Mića spends a lot of money,  although he earns little. Yesterday, for example, he spent ten thousand dinars in a cafe! The worst of all is that he hasn't earned the money at all, but he borrowed it from his best man, Todor, who is very thrifty. All that he earns, Todor saves in Serbian banks and yesterday he finally withdrew money which he had been saving for three years. However, at the very moment, Mića showed up at the door and asked for a loan. Todor was too weak to say no to him and so he gave the money to Mića. As you already know it, Mića spent it all the same night. He squandered it on drinks in the local cafe.


Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

Popular posts from this blog

Verb Conjugations in Serbian

Serbian belongs to a group of (highly) flective languages, and as such its verbs have conjugations. This means that you have to pay attention to the suffixes which are added to the stem of each verb. If you have a dictionary of Serbian, you will notice that infinitive endings are -iti, -ati, -eti, or simply -ti and sometimes -ći. In order to learn the conjugations, it is wise to know that the suffixes for each person singular or plural are added to the verb stem (base verb without infinitive endings). 

The conjugation system of Serbian verbs is rather complex. There are several classes of regular verbs distinguished according to certain features the verbs within a class share. (I copied this sentence from Wikipedia, so you can follow the link to see the conjugations of the verb 'RADITI' (to work) to get the idea how it looks like in different tenses.)

As you could see, it is not only the present tense, but we need also to learn how to use the verbs in different tenses. Theref…

Learning Serbian with Short and Easy Texts - Routines

Here comes a short text about routines both in Serbian and in English. I hope that my video will help you understand the text in Serbian. There is also a task to be done:
- After listening to me asking and answering questions, you can try to do the same - practice asking questions and giving answers, and recording all that on
Exercse 1. Routines - missing verbs

2. Routines - missing pronouns

4. Link to the edited video  with questions and answers written and translated + additional exercises with questions and answers

Aspect in Serbian - Odmoriti or Odmarati?

Do you know the difference between odmoriti and odmArAti (to have a rest)? Which one shows a finished action (perfective aspect), which one shows an action in progress (imperfective aspect)?

If you know the word trAjAti, which means to lAst, it will help you connect the form with double A with the action in progress, which shows that odmArAti is obviously used to show that you are or were "having a  rest / resting".

On the other hand, the form with odmORIti, shows that you have had a rest and that's it, the result is more important than duration, so this form shows the perfective aspect.

Their various forms and differences in present and past tenses are so subtle, so I created a set of exercises for you to learn more about this weird odmoriti-odmarati duo by actually using them:) Before you see all the forms below, try to do this Micromatch exercise:

How much time did you need? Guess it wasn't that hard, once you were able to see the possible answers. For some more d…