Learn Serbian

Learning Serbian with exercises, video lessons and online courses

Showing posts with label vocabulary. Show all posts
Showing posts with label vocabulary. Show all posts

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Serbian 201 - Talking about Hobbies

Talking about Hobbies in Serbian 

Here comes a vocabulary list with the verbs used to describe different hobbies and activities. After the list of words, there are a few exercises which you can do to practice making simple sentences.

Learning Serbian with exercises


HOBI NA LATINICI


  1. VOZITI BICIKL=TO RIDE A BIKE
  2. IGRATI GOLF=TO PLAY GOLF
  3. IGRATI KOŠARKU=TO PLAY BASKETBALL
  4. IGRATI ODBOJKU=TO PLAY VOLLEYBALL
  5. IGRATI SE NA KOMPJUTERU=TO PLAY ON A COMPUTER
  6. IGRATI FUDBAL=TO PLAY FOOTBALL
  7. PECATI=TO FISH
  8. PLESATI=TO DANCE
  9. PLIVATI=TO SWIM
  10. REŠAVATI SUDOKU=TO SOLVE SUDOKU
  11. REŠAVATI UKRŠTENICE=TO DO CROSSWORD PUZZLES
  12. SKUPLJATI MARKICE=TO COLLECT STAMPS
  13. SLUŠATI AUDIO KNJIGE=TO LISTEN TO AUDIO BOOKS
  14. SLUŠATI MUZIKU=TO LISTEN TO MUSIC
  15. TRČATI=TO RUN
  16. UČITI SRPSKI=TO LEARN SERBIAN
  17. ČITATI=TO READ
  18. DŽOGIRATI=TO JOG
  19. ŠETATI SE=TO WALK
  20. ŠTRIKATI=TO KNIT


ХОБИ НА ЋИРИЛИЦИ 

  1. ВОЗИТИ БИЦИКЛ=TO RIDE A BIKE
  2. ИГРАТИ ГОЛФ=TO PLAY GOLF
  3. ИГРАТИ КОШАРКУ=TO PLAY BASKETBALL
  4. ИГРАТИ ОДБОЈКУ=TO PLAY VOLLEYBALL
  5. ИГРАТИ СЕ НА КОМПЈУТЕРУ=TO PLAY ON A COMPUTER
  6. ИГРАТИ ФУДБАЛ=TO PLAY FOOTBALL
  7. ПЕЦАТИ=TO FISH
  8. ПЛЕСАТИ=TO DANCE
  9. ПЛИВАТИ=TO SWIM
  10. РЕШАВАТИ СУДОКУ=TO SOLVE SUDOKU
  11. РЕШАВАТИ УКРШТЕНИЦЕ=TO DO CROSSWORD PUZZLES
  12. СКУПЉАТИ МАРКИЦЕ=TO COLLECT STAMPS
  13. СЛУШАТИ АУДИО КЊИГЕ=TO LISTEN TO AUDIO BOOKS
  14. СЛУШАТИ МУЗИКУ=TO LISTEN TO MUSIC
  15. ТРЧАТИ=TO RUN
  16. УЧИТИ СРПСКИ=TO LEARN SERBIAN
  17. ЧИТАТИ=TO READ
  18. ЏОГИРАТИ=TO JOG
  19. ШЕТАТИ СЕ=TO WALK
  20. ШТРИКАТИ=TO KNIT

Talking about Hobbies in Serbian - Exercises








For more exercises and video lessons, check out my Patreon page

Monday, November 18, 2019

Serbian Vocabulary - Graciozno i Lepo

Simply watch the first minute of this PePa Prase cartoon and try to imagine what "graciozno" and "lepo" means. Are the little ballet dancers dancing gracefully (graciozno) and finely/nicely/ beautifully (lepo)?

Serbian Vocabulary - Graciozno i Lepo




Serbian Vocabulary - Graciozno i Lepo in Context

Let me ask you a few questions:
  1. Da li je Pepa graciozna i lepa?
  2. Da li su njene nove prijateljice graciozne i lepe?
  3. Da li je učiteljica graciozna i lepa?
  4. Da li je bitno da baletani i balerine budu graciozni i lepi?
  5. Da li su prasići igrali graciozno i lepo?
  6. Kako vi plešete, da li plešete graciozno i lepo?
  7. Koga bi opisali kao gracioznog i lepog?
  8. Da li ste nekad videli graciozno prase?
  9. Da li ste nekad videli gracioznu balerinu?
  10. Da li ste nekad videli gracioznog baletana?
  11. Da li ste nekad plesali sa gracioznom devojkom?
  12. Da li bi sebe nazvali gracioznim i lepim / gracioznom i lepom?

Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Wild Animals in Serbian

Before we start practicing the Accusative and Genitive case with animals, let's learn a set of words in a fun way. This is a drag and drop exercise which will help you learn the words both in the Latin alphabet and Cyrillic script. Have fun! (make sure you pull the word a bit further to the left of the designated square in order for it to "catch" it).


Let's listen to the video lesson where I am playing this game:




I am sure that now you are ready to do the following exercise:

Friday, September 08, 2017

Advanced Serbian - Detecting Synonyms

For all of you who are advanced learners of Serbian, here comes a challenging exercise based on this lovely song:


The idea is for you to listen to this song and in each part of the song to detect 3 words which are synonyms with the words written in the capital letters above that part. Srećno!

KAFANA - NEDAVNO - NEOBIČAN
Znate l' priču o Vasi Ladačkom
i ja sam je tek onomad čuo
jednom devet dana nije izlazio iz birtije
kažu da je bio čudna sorta
BOLESTAN - SELJAK - MAJKA
Otac mu je bio sitni paor
'ranio je sedam gladnih usti
mati mu je bila plava
tiha, nežna, jektičava
umrla je s trideset i nešto
STO - NEKOLIKO - UVEK
Imali su par jutara zemlje
malu kuću na kraju sokaka
na astalu navek hleba
taman tol'ko kol'ko treba
al' je Vasa hteo mnogo više
KOČIJE - CRNI - BOGAT
Želeo je konje vrane, po livadi razigrane
sat sa zlatnim lancem i salaše
želeo je njive plodne, vinograde blagorodne
u karuce pregnute čilaše
ali nije mog'o da ih ima


OŽENIO - VOLIŠ - SIROMAŠAN
Voleo je lepu, al' sirotu
uz'o bi je samo da je znao
voles jednom u životu
sad bogatu il' sirotu
to ne bira pamet nego srce
PRESTATI - BOGATA DEVOJKA - ZA STALNO
Sve se nad'o da će ljubav proći
zanavek je otiš'o iz sela
nikad nije pis'o nikom
venč'o se sa mirazdžikom
jedinicom, kćerkom nekog gazde
KONJI SIVE DLAKE - RAZDRAGAN - DŽEPNI SAT
Dobio je konje vrane, po livadi razigrane
sat sa zlatnim lancem i salaše
dobio je njive plodne, vinograde blagorodne
u karuce pregnute čilaše
sve je im'o - ništa im'o nije


LJUDI KOJI PROVODE VREME U KAFANI - VRAG -  POČETI PITI
Propio se, nije prošlo mnogo
dušu svoju đavolu je prod'o
znali su ga svi birtaši
tražio je spas u čaši
ali nije mog'o da ga nađe


INFARKT - PALA - NA SREDINI

Mlad je, kažu, bio kad je umro
'sred birtije od srčane kapi
klonula mu samo glava
ko da drema, ko da spava
i još pamte šta je zadnje rek'o
KOČIJA - BOGAT - BESPOTREBNO

Džaba bilo konja vranih, po livadi razigranih
džaba bilo sata i salaša
džaba bilo njiva plodnih, vinograda blagorodnih
džaba bilo karuca, ćilasa
kada nisam s onom koju volem
kada nisam s onom koju volem






Wednesday, November 02, 2016

Expanding Serbian Vocabulary - Money Matters

Here comes a  set of commonly used phrases when talking about money and banks:

  1. Trošiti novac (imperfective) // potrošiti (perfective) = to spend (money)
  2. Dobijati (imp) // dobiti (perf) = to get 
  3. Skupljati (imp) // skupiti (perf) = to collect
  4. Bacati (imp) // baciti (perf)= to throw
  5. Štedeti (imp) // uštedeti  (perf)= to save (money)
  6. Davati (imp)// dati (perf) = to give
  7. Pozajmljivati (imp) // pozajmiti  (perf)= to borrow/lend
  8. Zarađivati (imp) // zaraditi (perf) = to earn

To see how to use these verbs and common collocations, read this sad story about Mića and his best man Todor:

Rešenje i prevod:

Monday, October 03, 2016

Furniture in Serbian - Expand your Vocabulary

In the previous month I posted a few exercises for you to practice how to pronounce rooms in a flat in Serbian. There was an exercise to help you write and read the same words both in the  Latin and Cyrillic script. I hope you liked all the exercises.

 Now it's time to expand the vocabulary and learn about the furniture in different rooms. Here comes an exercise with flash cards to help you hear and pronounce the words correctly!

Furniture in Serbian



Games with Furniture in Serbian 

To simply recognize the words, play the Scatter game by pulling the photos over the words or vice versa.



When you are ready to practice writing and actively connecting photos with the words, enjoy playing

As usual, there is a vocabulary game, but this time it's a hangman game based on some of the words from the previous exercises.


Sunday, September 18, 2016

Vocabulary in Serbian - Rooms and Furniture

While working on my Serbian language courses, I keep creating tests, exercises, video lessons and fun games. The beauty of technology nowadays is that everything is so "shareable" and "embedable" :)

Furniture in Serbian - Flash Cards with Pronunciation

Simply type the word you hear (on the right hand side you'll see the explanation in English)


Practicing Serbian Cyrillic with New Vocabulary

Match the same words in Latin and Cyrillic script


Doing Fun Rooms 'n' Furniture Vocabulary Exercises in Serbian

Exercise 1: Unfortunately, this one is not embeddable, simply click here.

Exercise 2 is very similar to the previous one - simply click on the point which shows the word written at the top of the picture.

Friday, August 02, 2013

Serbian Nouns and Pronouns in Accusative

Today we're going to do an exercise with singular nouns describing objects, their grammatical gender and its pronouns in the Accusative case. In this exercise you'll see the following appliances and gadgets:
  • televizor
  • mikser
  • daljinski (upravljač)
  • mobilni (telefon)
  • telefon
  • kompjuter
  • frižider
  • toster
  • mašina za veš
  • mašina za pranje veša
  • lampa
The nouns in blue are masculine and the red ones are feminine, so don't forget to make the following changes:
  1. step TO SEE + NOUN: Vidim / Ne vidim televizor (masculine) /odelo (neuter) /lampU (feminine)
  2. step TO SEE + corresponding PRONOUN: Vidim / Ne vidim ga / je (short form for "him (ga = njega) / her (je=nju)")
  3. step: look around yourself and say what you can see/can't see (use only singular and pay attention that the neuter nouns, like "odelo" behaves the same as the nouns in masc.)

Friday, August 27, 2010

Public Signs in Serbian

Let's start from the most common ones:

улаз, ULAZ = entrance
излаз, IZLAZ = exit
улаз је слободан, ULAZ JE SLOBODAN = free admission
заузето, ZAUZETO = occupied
затворено, ZATVORENO = closed
отворено, OTVORENO = opened
дозвољено, DOZVOLJENO = allowed
забрањено,ZABRANJENO = forbidden
пушачи, PUŠAČI =  smokers
непушачи, NEPUŠAČI = non-smokers
мушки, MUŠKI (toalet) = gentlemen (toilet)
женски, ŽENSKI (toalet)= ladies
на продају, NA PRODAJU = for sale
соба за издавање, SOBA ZA IZDAVANJE = a room for rent
звонити, ZVONITI! = ring!
затварај врата, ZATVARAJ VRATA = close the door
не узнемиравај, NE UZNEMIRAVAJ = do not disturb
пази, PAZI! OPASNOST! = watch out! danger!
чувај се, ČUVAJ SE PSA = beware  of the dog!
стој, STOJ! = stand still!
тишина, TIŠINA = be silent
вуци, VUCI = pull
гурај, GURAJ = push
затвори врата, ZATVORI VRATA = close the door
не дирај, NE DIRAJ = do not touch! If you are never sure how to pronounce these words, you can hear the slow pronunciation in some of my videos on Youtube or Serbian Phrases Cyrillic version of the course.

Sunday, October 11, 2009

Father - Tata



TATA

Tata (dad =father)
Tatin tata (dad's dad = grandfather)
Tatinog tate tata (dad of dad's dad = great grandfather)
Tatinog tate tatin tata (dad's dad of dad's dad great-great grandfather)
Tatinog tate tatin tata tata (dad's dad of dad's dad dad - whatever)
Sto komada tata (a hundred of dads)
Dok se rodi jedan (until one ('tata-mata') is born)
Tata-mata. (any ideas how to translate 'tata-mata'?)

by Dušan Radović

Thursday, March 26, 2009

Weather conditions in Serbian

Kakvo je vreme = what is the weather like?

Vreme je lepo /užasno (ružno) = The weather is nice /terrible(nasty)
Kišovito = rainy
Vetrovito = windy
Hladno = cold
Toplo = warm
Maglovito = foggy
Oblačno = cloudy
Sunčano = sunny
Olujno = stormy
Kontinentalna klima = continental climate
Blaga klima = mild climate
Umerena klima = moderate climate
Vremenska prognoza = weather forecast
Kiša će! = it is going to rain!

Saturday, February 21, 2009

Internet phrases in Serbian

Internet fraze na srpskom

MOGU LI DA KORISTIM INTERNET ODAVDE? = Can I use the Internet from here?
KAKO DA SE PRIKLJUČIM = How can I connect?

KOJI JE VAŠ / TVOJ IMEJL = Which is your e-mail?
IMATE LI SVOJ VEB SAJT? = Do you have your own website?

ZAŠTO KONEKTOVANJE TRAJE TAKO DUGO? = Why does connecting take so much time?
DA LI U BLIZINI IMA INTERNET KAFE? = Is there an internet cafe near here? KOLIKO KOŠTA SAT VREMENA NA INTERNETU? = How much is it per hour for the Internet?

Sunday, February 01, 2009

10, 20, 30 ... 100

10 - deset 20 - dvadeset 30 - trideset 40 - četrdeset 50 - pedeset 60 - šezdeset 70 - sedamdeset 80 - osamdeset 90 - devedeset 100 - sto

****************

21 - dvadeset (i) jedan

**************** As you see the rule is very simple, just add 20 + 1. As for writing, the two numbers are written separately, either with 'and' or without it in between, while for administrative purposes, ie. in documents, the numbers are written together eg. 'dvadesetjedan'.

**************** Practise saying the numbers below, and then listen to the answers in the GCast Widget on the right, under the Post named 'Tens-exercise'.

29
34
67
98
61
23
35
53
47
78
82
93
130
169
174

Saturday, January 24, 2009

Numbers in Serbian

Brojevi na srpskom

0 - nula - нула
1 - jedan
- један
2 - dva - два
3 - tri - три
4 - četiri - четири
5 - pet - пет
6 - šest
- шест
7 - sedam - седам
8 - osam
- осам
9 - devet - девет
10 - deset - десет
11 - jedanaest - једанаест
12 - dvanaest
- дванаест
13 - trinaest - тринаест
14 - četrnaest - четрнаест
15 - petnaest - петнаест
16 - šesnaest
- шеснаест
17 - sedamnaest - седамнаест
18 - osamnaest
- осамнаест
19 - devetnaest - деветнаест
20 - dvadeset - двадесет

Many thanks to the blog follower who added the reply to the question about the numbers from 20-100! Hope this AUDIO helps as well!
---
Numbers like 21 are written separately, for example: dvadeset jedan (except when filling in cheques and similar)

Saturday, January 17, 2009

Breakfast in Serbian

DORUČAK

  1. ČAJ - tea
  2. JAK ČAJ - strong tea
  3. SA LIMUNOM - with lemon
  4. SA RUMOM - with rum
  5. JAJA - eggs
  6. OMLET - omlette
  7. JAJA NA OKO - eggs sunny-side-up
  8. OMLET SA ŠUNKOM - ham and eggs
  9. KAJGANA - scrambled eggs
  10. KAFA - coffee
  11. SA MLEKOM - with milk
  12. KAKAO - cocoa
  13. HLEB - bread
  14. PEKMEZ / DŽEM - jam
  15. MED - honey
  16. MASLAC - butter
  17. SIR - cheese
  18. PAVLAKA - sour cream
  19. PAHULJICE - flakes
  20. JOGURT - youghurt


Monday, December 22, 2008

Expressions of politeness in Serbian

IZRAZI UČTIVOSTI NA SRPSKOM

1. MOLIM? I beg Your pardon?
2. OPROSTITE I am sorry.
3. ŽAO MI JE I am sorry.
4. IZVINITE Excuse me.

5. MOLIM VAS, RECITE MI...Please, tell me...
6. MOLIM VAS, POKAŽITE MI... Please, show me...
7. MOLIM VAS, DAJTE MI... Please, give me...
8. DA LI BISTE, MOLIM VAS... Would you, please...
9. ŽELEO-ŽELELA BIH ... I would like...
10. HVALA Thank you.
11. HVALA LEPO Thank you very much.
12. HVALA UNAPRED Thank you in advance.
13. HVALA TAKOĐE Thank you, too.
14. NEMA NA ČEMU Don't mention it.
15. VEOMA SAM ZAHVALAN I am very grateful.
16. VRLO STE LJUBAZNI You are very kind.
17. NE LJUTITE SE NA MENE Don't be angry with me.
18. NE BRINITE ZA TO Don't worry about it.
19. NADAM SE DA ĆETE MI OPROSTITI I hope you will forgive me.


Friday, October 31, 2008

Questions in Serbian

KO? - who?
ŠTA? - what?
KADA? - when?
GDE? - where?
KAKO? - how?
KOLIKO? - how much/many?
ZAŠTO ? - why?
ZBOG ČEGA ? - what for?
S KIM? - who with?
KOME? - who to?


Question words in Serbian (mp3)

Thursday, October 23, 2008

Week Days in Serbian

Tuesday, October 21, 2008

How do I say my name and address in Serbian

Name and address in Serbian

Let's start with vocabulary covering the most essential phrases:

LIČNI PODACI = personal data

IME = first name
PREZIME = surname
DEVOJAČKO PREZIME = maiden name
LIČNA KARTA = identity card
PASOŠ = passport
MESTO ROĐENJA = place of birth
DATUM ROĐENJA = date of birth
STALNA ADRESA = permanent address
POŠTANSKA ADRESA = postal address
OŽENJEN = married (for men)
NEOŽENJEN = single (for men)
UDATA = married (for women)
NEUDATA = single (for women)
RAZVEDEN = divorced (for men)
RAZVEDENA = divorced (for women)
UDOVAC = widower
UDOVICA = widow
POL = sex
MALE = muški
FEMALE = ženski

How do I say my name and address in Serbian?

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