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Learning Serbian with exercises, video lessons and online courses

Showing posts sorted by relevance for query cyrillic. Sort by date Show all posts
Showing posts sorted by relevance for query cyrillic. Sort by date Show all posts

Friday, May 15, 2009

Idiot's Guide to the Cyrillic Alphabet

Serbian Cyrillic Alphabet


During my sojourn in Montenegro, I encountered both the use of Latin and Cyrillic versions of the alphabet. This was a great opportunity to pick up and understand more of the Cyrillic alphabet.

Signs for streets & squares were in the Cyrillic alphabet, which is based on the one sound, one letter system. I had a steep learning curve in reading Cyrillic, particularly when I was trying to read the inscriptions on the Partizan memorials for my English compatriots!

Serbian Cyrillic Alphabet




Now I am sharing with you, dear blog readers, on how I started to learn the Cyrillic alphabet. I found it easier by breaking down the alphabet into sections. All in all, it took me just over 1 hour to get myself acquainted with the alphabet.
Click here to hear the audio


ћирилица
..................................................................................
THE FRIENDLY LETTERS (As they are exactly the same as in the latin alphabet)
K M T O A E J
Examples words: ATOM, MAJKA

THE FALSE FRIENDS (Be aware - although they look the same as their counterparts in the latin alphabet, they represent different letters!).

В P С X У
V R S H U

Can you work out the following words?

CECTPA, BУK, BPATA

THE COMMON CYRILLIC CORE (That's what I call these set of letters as they are common to other Cyrillic based languages).

Б Г Д 3 Л П Ф И H Ж Ч Ш ц

B G D Z L P F I N ž č Š C

Here are some means of transportation:

B
БРOД
TAKCИ
AУTOБУC
ABИОН
and some other words

XBAЛA
ДAН
KPEBET
ПЕКAРA
KAПУЋИНО
ЧAJ
ЖИВОТ
ПОШТA
БУЛEBAP
ЛЕП

THE SERBIAN CYRILLIC SET (Unique to the language and quite distinct).

Џ Ђ Ћ Љ Њ
Dž Đ Ć LJ NJ

Here are a selection of words for you to work out:

HOЋ
ЉУБАВ
ЂAK
ЏEMПEP

KOЊ

The sort order of the ćirilica (ћирилица) alphabet:
Cyrillic order (called Azbuka (азбука): А Б В Г Д Ђ Е Ж З И Ј К Л Љ М Н Њ О П Р С Т Ћ У Ф Х Ц Ч Џ Ш

The sort order of the latinica (латиница) alphabet:
Latin order (called Abeceda (абецеда): A B C Č Ć D Dž Đ E F G H I J K L Lj M N Nj O P R S Š T U V Z Ž

The Serbian Cyrillic alphabet is based on the simple principle of:
"write as you speak and read as it is written"
Пиши као што говориш и читај како је написано.
Piši kao što govoriš i čitaj kako je napisano.


Don't forget that there's always Serbian Phrases List in the Cyrillic version with slow pronunciation ! Those who know how to write "FaithfulFollower" in Serbian (in the Latin alphabet) will get a significant discount :)

If you would like to get all my video lessons with explanations in English, translations and additional exercises like the ones above, in the meaningful order, consider joining me on Patreon. HVALA!

Sunday, March 29, 2015

Practice Serbian Cyrillic Script

Since there's a growing number of people joining my Quizlet exercises to practice Serbian, I decided to record a series of videos to help you with pronunciation. Besides, you'll see how learning with Quizlet can be fun and engaging :)

How to Practice Serbian Cyrillic Script 




Practice Serbian Cyrillic Script


Practicing Pronunciation of Serbian Cyrillic Script


If you like this lesson, check out 99 more which can be found on an online video course  Serbian 101!

Tuesday, June 08, 2021

Serbian Textbooks in Cyrillic Script

Thursday, January 07, 2016

How to Congratulate Orthodox Christmas in Serbian?

Merry Christmas to everyone celebrating it today! In the previous years I have shared with you:

and today and in the next seven days, until Serbian New Year,  I want to give you a  Christmas gift of a free online course!




I also want to share with you the best Christmas SMS or IMs to be sent on this day which I found on various websites:

Christmas SMS for religious  family and friends

In the Cyrillic Script via Duhoviti website

Лепшег јутра од данашњег нема, ко је верник за Божић се спрема. Срце твоје љубав нека води, мир Божији и Христос се роди! Ту где се бадњак данас ложи, у том дому срећа нек се множи, нека срећна звезда кроз живот вас води Мир Божији и Христос се роди!


In the Latin Alphabet

Lepšeg jutra od današnjeg nema, ko je vernik za Božić se sprema. Srce tvoje ljubav neka vodi, mir Božiji i Hristos se rodi!

Tu gde se badnjak danas loži, u tom domu sreća nek se množi, neka srećna zvezda kroz život  vas vodi Mir Božiji i Hristos se rodi!


Informal Christmas SMS 

In the Cyrillic Script via Opušteno

Догорева Бадњак свети и полако ватром тиња, пуно здравља и среће желим теби и твојима. Христос се роди! Срећан Божић!

In the Latin Alphabet

Dogoreva Badnjak sveti i polako vatrom tinja, puno zdravlja i sreće želim tebi i tvojima. Hristos se rodi! Srećan Božić!


Formal Christmas SMS 

In the Cyrillic Script via Stihovi

Нек Вам сребрне зраке Божићног јутра под бором осветле поклон исплетен од здравља, среће, мира и љубави… Срећан Божић!

In the Latin Alphabet

Nek Vam srebrne zrake Božićnog jutra pod borom osvetle poklon ispleten od zdravlja, sreće, mira i ljubavi… Srećan Božić!

Funny and Informal SMS

In the Cyrillic Script via Kurir

Побрините се да у овим леденим данима узимате довољно витамина ЋЕ.Он се налази у :прашен-ЋЕ сарми-ЋЕ кобаси-ЋЕ вешали-ЋЕ као и у напитцима:пив-ЋЕ вин-ЋЕ разне ракији-ЋЕ.једино пазите да се не предозирате витаминима.Може да шкоди.Мир Божји!Христос се роди!

In the Latin Alphabet

Pobrinite se da u ovim ledenim danima uzimate dovoljno vitamina CE.On se nalazi u :prasen-CE sarmi-CE kobasi-CE vesali-CE kao i u napitcima:piv-CE vin-CE razne rakiji-CE.jedino pazite da se ne predozirate vitaminima.Moze da skodi.Mir Bozji!Hristos se rodi!

Tuesday, December 04, 2018

Serbian Cyrillic Game

Monday, February 15, 2016

Serbian for Beginners in Cyrillic and Latin Alphabet

Yesterday I made two brand new Quizlet exercises as a follow up of the following video Serbian exercise for beginners, both in the Serbian Cyrillic script and Latin alphabet. 



If you are not sure what some words mean, do check them out with the following flash cards:

Once you feel confident about the meaning of the words, feel free to  do the following exercises in the Cyrillic script:


or Latin Alphabet:





Thursday, January 29, 2015

Learning to Conjugate in Serbian - To Have Breakfast

Learning to Conjugate in Serbian

Today I've found a video with an easy text in Serbian, which I forgot to upload  and share  with you last year. I corrected this mistake and you can see it now on my Youtube channel. I think you will find this exercise quite easy, as it focuses only on  the verb " to have breakfast " - doručkovati.

Learning to Conjugate in Latin Script

Since the video is for you to practice the Cyrillic script, let me write some basic forms of the verbs you will need in the Latin alphabet.


Present Simple of doručkovati and piti (to drink)
  • Doručkujem-doručkuješ-doručkuje // doručkujemo - doručkujete - doručkuju
  • Pijem - piješ - pije // pijemo - pijete - piju
Past Simple of doručkovati and piti (to drink)
  • Doručkovao - doručkovala - doručkovalo // doručkovali - doručkovale - doručkovala
  • Pio - pila - pilo // pili - pile - pila
Future Simple of doručkovati and piti (to drink)
  • Doručkovaću - doručkovaćeš - doručkovaće // doručkovaćemo - doručkovaćete - doručkovaće
  • Piću - pićeš - piće // pićemo - pićete - piće
I've written both the past and the present forms for the more advanced learners to practice turning the same text into the past and future tenses and thus learning to conjugate "doručkovati".

Learning to Conjugate in Cyrillic

Now, I am sure you are ready for this exercise:



In order to turn the Cyrillic into Latin alphabet, do use the perfect tool for that, called SlovoMajstor:

Thursday, June 19, 2014

Jesam or Sam in Serbian?

After uploading a hundred of videos both from Serbian 101 and Serbian 102 course, and revising each of them, Ivan decided to help me with his 3D effects vidos. So far he's made 30 short videos with the verbs used in the course, in the present and past tense so far, but he plans to make 5 more each day.

I'll post some of them here on the blog, but for the complete version, refer to the Serbian101-102 course. Here comes its short description:

Serbian 101 &102 is perfect for absolute and false beginners in Serbian. It is organized in such a way that you can either follow it chronologically, or choose only the topics you are interested in. Each topic consists of an explanatory video lesson and then video exercises with links to follow-up quizzes with instant feedback. 
There are more than 100 lessons making well over 10 hours of video lessons and exercises which take you from the very start to the pre-intermediate level, covering:
  • Tenses: Present Simple and Past Simple Tense
  • Cases: Nominative, Accusative, Instrumental and Locative
  • Modals: Can, Must
  • Pronouns: Personal and Possessive Pronouns
  • Adjectives: Possessive Adjectives and Noun-adjective Agreement
  • Numbers: Cardinal and Ordinal
as well as basic:
  • functions such as:
    • Greetings
    • Introductions
    • Asking for Clarification/Explanation
    • Asking about Directions
    • Giving Directions
    • Requesting 
    • Offering
    • Expressing Likes and Dislikes
    • Asking about Likes and Dislikes
  • situations such as:
      • Meeting People
      • Small Talk
      • In a Restaurant
      • Shopping
      • Arranging a Meeting
      • Talking about Family
      • Talking about Routines
      • Talking about your Life
  • vocabulary topics such as:
    • Family members
    • Numbers
    • Food
    • Souvenirs
    • Places in a city
    • Countries and Cities
    • Means of transport
    • Colours
    • Jobs and occupations

Wednesday, December 11, 2013

Let's Practice Serbian Cyrillic Script - Part 2

Sunday, June 02, 2013

Introduction to Serbian Phrases

Since there'll be more visitors to Serbia in the upcoming period, I decided to launch the complete course called Serbian Phrases (this is a free e-book). In the meantime I want to show you one of the recordings:
















and the structure of the course, which is divided into fifteen sections or topics. Each topic has the following structure:
  1. Slowly read phrases - video lesson
  2. Listed phrases as a pdf file, both in Cyrillic and Latin alphabet
  3. Slowly read phrases with Cyrillic text
  4. Dialogue AB
  5. Dialogue A
  6. Dialogue B

Wednesday, May 16, 2012

Easy Texts in Serbian Cyrillic Script

I believe many of you interested in learning to read the Serbian Cyrillic script have enjoyed an excellent blog post by Nat, published back in 2009. Now, if you'd like to practise reading, I'm adding all the easy texts both in the Latin Alphabet and Cyrillic script into Serbian101 and Serbian102 courses:

Tuesday, April 27, 2010

Latin Alphabet to/from Cyrillic Serbian Script


Here comes a great link to script conversion. I needed some urgent Latin to Cyrillic script conversion yesterday night, and after trying out a few sites, this one proved to be the best.

So, let's try it out by rewriting the following Serbian proverb from the Cyrillic script into Latin Alphabet:

Ко не плати руком, он ће душом.

Now let's translate the phrase to English using online dictionaries (you might get different funny sentences):

1. Who do not pays handful , him will sweetheart.
2. Who doesn't pay the hand, it is soul.

Well, does it make sense? Does anyone have an idea what the correct translation is?

Monday, November 11, 2019

Serbian 301 - Asking Questions

Serbian 301 - Asking Questions with Verbs which Require Accusative


In the previous lessons of Serbian 301, you practiced:

Serbian 301 - Asking Questions


Now, let's practice asking questions about these photos! Let me give you a few examples.


  1. Šta žena čita? Ona čita novine.
  2. Gde sedi žena koja čita novine?  Sedi u kafiću.
  3. Da li žena  koja  sedi u kafiću pije kafu ili vino? Ona pije kafu.
  4. Šta nosi žena  koja  čita novine? Nosi beretku.
  5. Gde ide žena koja  nosi kafu? Ide na posao.
  6. Gde su ljudi? Oni su u muzeju.
  7. Šta ljudi  koji su u muzeju gledaju? Gledaju veliku sliku.
  8. Gde su ove devojčice? One su u vozu.
  9. Šta čitaju devojčice  koje su u vozu? Čitaju Hari Potera
  10. Gde je ova crkva? Na Novom Zelandu.
  11. Kako izgledaju ljudi koji idu u crkvu? Ljudi koji posećuju crkvu su stari.

Serbian 301 - Asking Questions in Cyrillic Script

Let's fill in the gaps while reading the same questions in the Cyrillic script.







Monday, September 30, 2019

Learning Serbian Cyrillic with Easy to Read Books

I am happy to announce that my third book with easy texts both in Cyrillic and Latin alphabet, Who is Who, has been published!

Let me remind you of the first two books, which you can read along with me on my Youtube channel and Patreon page:

Easy to Read -  Šta možemo da vidimo na selu?



This book called "What you can see on the farm" is just the first part of the series covering animal and farm vocabulary,  together with  the most common verbs in Serbian.

Easy to Read -  Gde je ključ? 



In this second book, Where is the Key? I continue using the most common verbs which require the accusative case. We are also practicing introducing ourselves and our friends.  There is also a task for you to find ONE hidden key. If you are having problems finding it, do let me know!

Easy to Read -  Ko je ko?


In the third book, Who is Who, we are dealing with some similar names like Jovan and Jovana or Ivan and Ivana. Since they can be a bit confusing, we are trying to figure out who is who, by following our friends in search of one another. At the end of the book there is an Activity book where you need to find the hidden page numbers... a little bit of Locative case will always prove useful in the days to come :D


The Fourth Easy to Read book 

The name of the fourth book is "What we like" and it is all about games and seasons we like. It is to be published in October. This one is the easiest of all, and I am sure you'll love it! Watch this space :D

Monday, September 23, 2019

Step by Step Serbian

Why Step by Step Serbian?


Having made hundreds of quizzes and exercises in Serbian, I thought of posting them here on this blog on a daily basis, starting from the easiest ones. This will make it easier for you to learn regularly and have some kind of continuity.

All you have to do is to follow:
I also want to connect each post with the previous lessons covering the same topic, so you can practise using different materials (which are hidden in this ten year old blog). So, let's start!

How Step by Step Serbian?

Let's start with the alphabets used in the Serbian language: Ćirilica and Latinica


First, you can read more about these two alphabets in the previous posts:

Once you are acquainted with the theoretical part, let's play:





Wednesday, July 03, 2019

Vocabulary Practice with Easy Serbian Texts

Serbian exercises
 If you would like to practice vocabulary used in my first book about things we can see on a farm, I'd suggest you do the following exercises in this order:
If you would like to do the same exercises in the Cyrillic script, here comes the same set of exercises: 
Serbian Cyrillic

Thursday, October 26, 2017

Serbian Language Course - Family

I hope you enjoyed following my free Serbian language course at the elementary level, dedicated to Greetings! This month I have been working on a new one where you can learn:


  • How to introduce your family members to someone
  • Hear clearly and learn to pronounce family members
  • Verbs to have + family members (in the appropriate case)
  • Short texts about this topic
All the video lessons and exercises are both in the Cyrillic and Latin script so you can learn Cyrillic in no time :) 

Today I wanted to share one of the video exercises from the course. 




More videos with conjugations are on this playlist.

Tuesday, July 11, 2017

Learning Cyrillic with Greetings in Serbian


While I am working on my new series of courses, let me share with you some beautiful photos with short dialogues written both in the Serbian Cyrillic and Latin script. Based on the photo below, can you tell me what is missing in the gaps in the first photo?


Useful vocabulary:

  1. to bi bilo - that would be
  2. sve - all
  3. laku noć - good night
  4. hvala - thanks
  5. poseta - visit
  6. hvala na poseti - thanks for the visit
  7. hvala što ste nas posetili - thanks for visiting us
For the pronunciation of some words, check out this video:


Tuesday, June 06, 2017

Advanced Serbian exercises - Sixth June

I have always enjoyed doing short tasks based on authentic news and fun texts. That is why I want to create and share with you the same kind of exercises based on daily news, both in the Latin alphabet and Cyrillic script. Today I'm sharing with you one of the common news section called "Dogodilo se na današnji dan" - "On this day in history" from KratkeVesti :)

 Cyrillic version Latin alphabet version

Tuesday, May 16, 2017

Greetings from Genitive - Part 2

If you really had fun learning Genitive yesterday, I'm sure you'll have a blast  today:


Made with ToonyTool.com

As you can see, there's a bunch of characters speaking to you in Serbian (written both in the Cyrillic and Latin alphabet :) Because they are talking about where they are right now, they are using (guess what?) the Genitive case. Now, I have a few tasks for you. Let's find out:

A. Who is saying what? = Ko šta kaže?

  1. Sunce kaže: 
  2. Majmun kaže:
  3. Ptica kaže:
  4. Dečko kaže:

B. Where are = Gde su...

  1. dečko (a boy)
  2. devojčica (a girl)
  3. pingvin (a penguin)
  4. ptica (a bird)
  5. majmun (a monkey)
  6. sunce (the sun)
  7. mačka (a cat)

C. One Cyrillic text is missing - which one? Write it in the comment below:


Serbian Genitive with Sg. Feminine Nouns


I hope you have mastered your Genitive with Sg. Masc. nouns. That's why we are working on  the nouns which are Fem. Sg. today. Look at the examples:

  1. Ja sam iznad zgrade! Ko sam ja? Da li sam ja ptica?
  2. Danas sam ispred zgrade! Ko sam ja? Da li sam ja mačka?
  3. Oni su iznad mene! Ko su oni? Ko sam ja?
  4. On nije iznad mačke! Ja sam iznad mačke! Ko sam ja?
What happens with the following nouns?
  1. zgrada = building
  2. ptica = bird
  3. mačka = cat
  4. devojčica = girl
  5. voda = water
when they follow the prepositions: 
  • iznad = above or over
  • ispod = below or under
  • iz = from
  • pored = near or beside
By looking the examples, you can see that the final -a disappears, becoming an -e:

  1. Iznad zgradE = above the building
  2. Ispod pticE = under the bird
  3. Pored mačkE = beside the cat
  4. Iza devojčicE = behind the girl
  5. Iznad vodE = above the water

Asking simple questions with the verb TO BE in Serbian

I am sure you have noticed two types of questions in this exercise:
  1. Wh-? questions: Ko sam ja = Who am I and Ko su oni? Who are they?
  2. Yes-no questions: Da li sam ja pingvin? = Am I a penguin? 
With the verb to be=biti, it is obvious that there is
  1. a wh-? question word before an inversion (ja sam becomes KO sam ja)
  2. da li question phrase before an inversion (ja sam becomes DA LI sam ja)
Yes, it's that simple :)

Rešenje = Solution


Now that you understand EVERYTHING, it's time to solve the mystery...

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