Sunday, February 22, 2009

Verb Conjugations in Serbian

Serbian belongs to a group of (highly) flective languages, and as such its verbs have conjugations. This means that you have to pay attention to the suffixes which are added to the stem of the verbs. If you have a dictionary of Serbian, you will notice that infinitive endings are -iti, -ati, -eti, -ti and sometimes -ći. In order to learn conjugations, it is wise to know that the suffixes for each person singular or plural are added to the verb stem (base verb without infinitive endings). For example:
infinitive of the verb 'to love': voleti
verb stem: vol (so, in the photo, you can se 'VOLim' not 'volEm' (which is wrong, but not in all parts of Serbia ... I think if you LOVE someone, whichever language you are using, you cannot be wrong ;)

If you are interested in learning how to conjugate a specific verb, visit this extraordinary site with verb conjugations in Serbian.

The conjugation system of Serbian verbs is rather complex. There are several classes of regular verbs distinguished according to certain features the verbs within a class share. (I copied this sentence from Wikipedia, so you can follow the link to see the conjugations of the verb 'RADITI' (to work) to get the idea how it looks like in different tenses.)

Nevertheless, it is useful to know that there are a lot of  different classes of verb conjugation in the Present tense. Since I want to make things simple, I will introduce the group which is shown in the Wikipedia example (raditi - to work, živeti - to live)

infinitive: živETI
verb stem: živ

I live = ja živim
you live = ti živ
You live = Vi živite
He,she,it live = on, ona ono živi
We live = mi živimo
You live = vi živite
They live = oni, one, ona žive

The verbs belonging to the same group are as follows:
GOVORITI to talk, HVALITI to praise, UČITI to learn, MRZETI to hate, VOLETI to love, RADITI to work, ŽELETI to want, BROJATI to count, POSTOJATI to exist



Present Simple -im conjugations in Serbian:






Present Simple -am conjugations in Serbian:






5 comments:

Anonymous said...

Stravo, ti si dobro!!

Ivan i Marina said...

Zdravo, dobro sam! hvala na pitanju :) Kako si ti?

aussielearning serbian said...

Zdravo! kako si danas? nadam se da cu da naucim srprski, ali ja sam ovdije dva sedmice... sto se radis? gdje se?

Anonymous said...

Hvala, teacher :-)

Anonymous said...

amazing post

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