Sunday, February 22, 2009

Verb Conjugations in Serbian

Serbian belongs to a group of (highly) flective languages, and as such its verbs have conjugations. This means that you have to pay attention to the suffixes which are added to the stem of the verbs. If you have a dictionary of Serbian, you will notice that infinitive endings are -iti, -ati, -eti, -ti and sometimes -ći. In order to learn conjugations, it is wise to know that the suffixes for each person singular or plural are added to the verb stem (base verb without infinitive endings). For example:
infinitive of the verb 'to love': voleti
verb stem: vol (so, in the photo, you can se 'VOLim' not 'volEm' (which is wrong, but not in all parts of Serbia ... I think if you LOVE someone, whichever language you are using, you cannot be wrong ;)

If you are interested in learning how to conjugate a specific verb, visit this extraordinary site with verb conjugations in Serbian.

The conjugation system of Serbian verbs is rather complex. There are several classes of regular verbs distinguished according to certain features the verbs within a class share. (I copied this sentence from Wikipedia, so you can follow the link to see the conjugations of the verb 'RADITI' (to work) to get the idea how it looks like in different tenses.)

Nevertheless, it is useful to know that there are a lot of  different classes of verb conjugation in the Present tense. Since I want to make things simple, I will introduce the group which is shown in the Wikipedia example (raditi - to work, živeti - to live)

infinitive: živETI
verb stem: živ

I live = ja živim
you live = ti živ
You live = Vi živite
He,she,it live = on, ona ono živi
We live = mi živimo
You live = vi živite
They live = oni, one, ona žive

The verbs belonging to the same group are as follows:
GOVORITI to talk, HVALITI to praise, UČITI to learn, MRZETI to hate, VOLETI to love, RADITI to work, ŽELETI to want, BROJATI to count, POSTOJATI to exist



Present Simple -im conjugations in Serbian:






Present Simple -am conjugations in Serbian:






Saturday, February 21, 2009

Internet phrases in Serbian

Internet fraze na srpskom

MOGU LI DA KORISTIM INTERNET ODAVDE? = Can I use the Internet from here?
KAKO DA SE PRIKLJUČIM = How can I connect?

KOJI JE VAŠ / TVOJ IMEJL = Which is your e-mail?
IMATE LI SVOJ VEB SAJT? = Do you have your own website?

ZAŠTO KONEKTOVANJE TRAJE TAKO DUGO? = Why does connecting take so much time?
DA LI U BLIZINI IMA INTERNET KAFE? = Is there an internet cafe near here? KOLIKO KOŠTA SAT VREMENA NA INTERNETU? = How much is it per hour for the Internet?

Saturday, February 14, 2009

St Valentine's Day in Serbia

Sveti Trifun
Arhaični tekst

Sveti Trifun je rođen u selu Kampsadi u Frigiji. Roditelji su mu bili siromašni, pa je odmalena čuvao guske. Još od detinjstva na njemu je bila velika blagodat Božja, te je mogao isceljivati bolesti na ljudima i stoci, i izgoniti zle duhove. U to vreme zavlada Rimskim carstvom car Gordijan III, čija ćerka Gordijana siđe s uma, i time baci svoga oca u veliku žalost. Svi lekari ne mogahu ludoj Gordijani ništa pomoći. Tada zli duh iz lude devojke progovori i reče da njega niko ne može isterati osim Trifuna. Car naredi da se na dvor dovedu svi Trifuni iz carstva. Posle mnogih, i ovaj mladi Trifun bio je pozvan po Božjem Promislu. Doveli su ga u Rim gde je iscelio carevu ćerku. Car mu podari mnoge darove, koje Trifun pri povratku razdeli siromasima. U svom selu produži ovaj sveti mladić da čuva guske i moli se Bogu. Kada se zacari hristoborni Decije Trajan, sveti Trifun je bio ljuto mučen za Hrista. No on podnese sva mučenja s radošću velikom, govoreći: "O kad bih se mogao udostojiti, da ognjem i mukama skončam za ime Isusa Hrista Gospoda i Boga moga!" Sve muke ništa mu ne naškodiše, i mučitelji ga osudiše najzad na posečenje mačem. Pred smrt Trifun se pomoli Bogu i predade dušu svoju Tvorcu svome 250. godine.
U pravoslavnoj crkvi praznuje se 14. februara po novom, odnosno 1. februara po starom kalendaru.
Savremeni tekst iz novosadskog lista Dnevnik:

Danas se slavi nezvanični Svetski dan zaljubljenih. Pominje se kao Valentin day ili sveti Valentin, po zapadnjačkoj tradiciji, koji se poslednjih godina, zajedno s imenom odomaćio i kod nas. Sveti Valentin je, po predanju, pre 1759godina ljubavlju izlečio slepu kćerku uglednog plemića. Ne zna se tačno ko je bio, ali se smatra da je reč o biskupu koga je 14. februara 270. godine pogubio rimski imperator Klaudio Gotika. NJemu je smetala narodna vera u ljubav i čuda koju je Valentin budio svojim upornim molitvama i ljubavlju.

Sunday, February 1, 2009

10, 20, 30 ... 100

10 - deset 20 - dvadeset 30 - trideset 40 - četrdeset 50 - pedeset 60 - šezdeset 70 - sedamdeset 80 - osamdeset 90 - devedeset 100 - sto

****************

21 - dvadeset (i) jedan

**************** As you see the rule is very simple, just add 20 + 1. As for writing, the two numbers are written separately, either with 'and' or without it in between, while for administrative purposes, ie. in documents, the numbers are written together eg. 'dvadesetjedan'.

**************** Practise saying the numbers below, and then listen to the answers in the GCast Widget on the right, under the Post named 'Tens-exercise'.

29
34
67
98
61
23
35
53
47
78
82
93
130
169
174

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