Learn Serbian

Learning Serbian with exercises, video lessons and online courses

Showing posts sorted by relevance for query locative. Sort by date Show all posts
Showing posts sorted by relevance for query locative. Sort by date Show all posts

Sunday, October 27, 2019

Serbian for Kids - Locative Case Fun Way




Serbian for Kids - Locative Case

There are two parts in this video. In the first part you are just listening to me searching for and finding numbers. In the second part, I added the answer key to the left and right, so you can see why some words get an "i" at the end, and the others get an "u" at the end. 
So, whenever you want to say that you are somewhere, we use the Locative case which will change the ending of the word which describes your the location. The same is with the numbers in this video. 

Locative Case Fun Way

Words ending in -a (most of Feminine, Singular)
GDE su brojevi stranica? 
OGRADA -  4 je na ogradi
ČARAPA - 6 je na čarapi
TRAVA - 8 je na travi
PATIKA - 10 je na patici
MAJICA - 14 je na majici
KOŠULJA - 14 je na košulji
ŠKOLA - 16 je na školi
KLACKALICA - 18 je na klackalici
PALMA -  20 je na palmi
KOSA - 22 je na kosi
TRAMPOLINA - 24 je na trampolini 
 Words ending in a consonant (Masc. Sg.) or -E/O (Neut. Sg.)
BALON - 5 je na balonu
OBLAK - 7 je na oblaku
CVET  - 9 je na cvetu
DRVO - 11 je na drvetu
ŠORC  - 13 je na šorcu
TOBOGAN - 15 je na toboganu
CIRKUS - 21 je na cirkusu
KROV - 21 je na krovu
OBRAZ - 23 je na obrazu
LICE  - 23 je na licu
U potrazi za ostalim brojevima = Searching for other numbers
Now it's time for you to search the other part of the book and write in the comments where all the other numbers are... I'm curious! Jedva čekam vaše odgovore :)

Monday, June 12, 2017

Where is Marko Now - Serbian Locative 3

In our fun Serbian comics we can learn where people are, or where they were in the past. Today we are using the same case, the Locative case to express where we are in a house and after that we can also say what we are doing in the house.




Instead of a comic, I recorded a video for you, so you can practice saying simple sentences:


  • Ovo je HODNIK. Ovo je Marko. Marko je u hodnikU. On ne radi ništa u hodniku.
  • Ovo je KUHINJA. Ovo je Marko. Marko je u kuhinjI. On pravi doručak u kuhinji.
Can you listen to the rest of the story and make similar sentences for:

  1. KUPATILO
  2. TRPEZARIJA
  3. SPAVAĆA SOBA
  4. RADNA SOBA
  5. TERASA
  6. TAVAN
  7. DNEVNA SOBA

Singular Nouns in Locative in Serbian

Before thinking about the grammar, try to hear how I am using these words with the prepositon U or NA. If you are not sure, here comes a bit of advice:

Sg. Masc >>> add -U (u hodniku, u Londonu, u muzeju)
Sg. Fem >>> add - I (u kuhinji, u Moskvi, u galeriji)

Exercises and Practice


For more exercises with the activities and the locative case, check out my Patreon blog!

Wednesday, May 25, 2011

Verbs of Movement in Locative, Dative and Accusative Case in Serbian Language

In the Serbian language, one can express location using the verbs which require nouns in different cases.
The dative and locative case have the same form, but wheras the dative case needs a verb which  denotes movement and direction, the locative case requires a stative verb or verbs expressing who we are talking about 
Dative: 
Sg. Fem. Kreni prema kući. Prilazim crkvi. (krenuti prema = leave for, prilaziti = approach)
Sg. Masc. Idi ka Beogradu. Kreni prema muzeju. (ići prema, krenuti prema)
Sg. Neuter. Idi ka selu. Krećemo se ka jezeru.  (ići ka, kretati ka = "ka" is the same as "prema")
Plural: Prilazimo + kućama, crkvama, jezerima, selima, muzejima
Locative: 
Sg. Fem. Sedim u kući. Ja sam u crkvi. (sedeti u = sit in )
Sg. Masc. On priča o Briselu. (pričati = to talk)
Sg. Neuter. Nalazim se u selu. (nalaziti se  = to be in/at)
Plural: Pričam o + kućama, crkvama, oblacima, dvorištima, selima (I'm talking about houses, churches, clouds, gardens and villages)

The accusative case is also used with the verbs which denote movement, but it denotes the aim  or goal, as can be seen in the following examples:
Sg. Fem. Idem u Budimpeštu. Ptica sleće na granu. (ići u = go to, sleteti=land)
Sg. Masc. Izađi pred muzej.  Avion sleće na aerodrom. (izađi pred = come to, sleteti)
Sg. Neuter. Izađi u dvorište. Stigli smo na selo. (stići = arrive)
Pl. Fem: Ptice sleću na grane. 
Pl. Masc. Izađi pred muzeje.
Pl. Neuter. Reka teče kroz sela. 

Wednesday, March 06, 2013

Serbian Lesson 4 for Pre-intermediate Level

I'm sure that now you are much more confident in using the Locative case to express where you are:
Last time you practised the Locative with the verbs:
  • govoriti = to speak
  • živeti = to live 
In this fourth lesson at pre-intermediate level of Serbian, you are going to discover that the Dative case  which combines with the verbs describing movement, like "going towards" = ići ka, has the same form as the Locative, which is awesome!
Before we do this fun exercise (in my classes my students and I play this language game), let me remind you of the conjugations for the new verb, which we'll need in this lesson:
  • ići = to go
We'll need the imperative form "go", which can be used :
  • formally: "idite ka" ("go towards" with Vi)
  • informally: "idi ka" ("go towards" with ti)

Wednesday, February 13, 2013

Serbian Language 365 Day 2 - Serbian for Pre-intermediate Level

In the past five years I've scattered numerous blog posts with lessons of Serbian and corresponding grammatical explanations not only on this blog and Youtube and Youtube but all over the Internet. One of the many reasons for starting 365 Days of Serbian Language was to connect them and tag them correctly.

Since the previous post covered the verb TO BE in the Simple Present tense, I think that all the students who are either at elementary and pre-intermediate level can easily learn to use the same form with the Locative case, saying where you are:



At the end of each video lesson, let's revisit some of the previous posts covering the same, or similar topic:





Wednesday, December 02, 2009

Where is the cat?




1. The cat is under the table.
MAČKA JE ISPOD STOLA (Nominative Sg. STO - Genitive STOLA)
2. The cat is sitting on the chair.
MAČKA SEDI NA STOLICI (Nom. Sg. STOLICA - Locative STOLICI)
3. The cat is behind the tree.
MAČKA JE IZA DRVETA (Nom. Sg. DRVO - Genitive DRVETA)
4. The cat is in the wellington boot.
MAČKA JE U ČIZMI (Nom. Sg. ČIZMA - Locative ČIZMI)
5. The cat is on the table.
MAČKA JE NA STOLU (Nom. Sg. STO - Locative STOLU )
6. The cat is under the car.
MAČKA JE ISPOD AUTA (Nom.Sg. STO - Genitive AUTA )

Vocabulary

Cat: ---------------MAČKA
Car: ---------------AUTO / KOLA
Chair: -------------STOLICA
Table: -------------STO
Tree: --------------DRVO
Wellington boot:--- ČIZMA

Prepositions of location:

On ----------NA
Under -------ISPOD
Behind ------IZA
In (Inside) -- U

Sunday, November 09, 2008

Locative in Serbian

Lokativ

Lokativ ____ (is) padež koji ide uz predloge 'na', 'u', 'o', 'po', 'pri'. On označava mesto ____ ( where) se vrši radnja ili gde se nešto nalazi. Zato se i ______ (named) padežom mesta. Latinski 'locus' ______ (means) mesto. Evo nekoliko primera ______ (with) predlogom 'U':

Ljudi žive u Beograd__ , u Kruševc__, u Brisel__ ili na sel_. Kada ____ (are) imenice muškog i srednjeg roda u jednini, onda se doda nastavak 'U'. Ljudi žive i u Srbij___, Belgij__, Italij__ - ali pošto su ovo imenice ženskog roda u jednini, one gube poslednje 'a', i dodaje im se nastavak 'I'.

Lokativ se _________ (also) koristi i da iskažemo o kome pričamo, i tada se koristi _______ (with) predlog "o". Juče sam pričala o prijatelj___, muškarcim_, drugaric__ i odel___- u množini lokativ zahteva sledeće nastavke -ima, za muški rod, -ama i srednji -ima!

*********** Translation & Answers*******************

Sunday, November 02, 2008

Case suffixes in Serbian

One of the most difficult features of the Serbian language are declensions, i.e. different suffixes which words such as nouns, pronouns, adjectives take in different cases. Let me add all of them in one place, while in the following posts you will be able to focus on practicing these cases, one by one and in a more fun way!

Singular Cases Suffixes in Serbian 

Case name:Answers question:Used to describe:Suffixes (I tried describing just the majority of case endings, general rule, not the exceptions and specific ones)
NominativeKO?
ŠTA?

Who? What?
Usually the subject of a sentence and predicative- Masc. most often ends in a consonant
- Fem. most often ends in A
- Neut. most often ends in -E or -O
Genitive KOGA?ČEGA?

Of who? Of what?
Possession, belonging, a part of something- Masc. nouns take an - A ending
- Fem. nouns drop the final -a and take an -E ending
- Neut. nouns drop the final -e or -o and take an - A ending (while some nouns in animate category add an infix T, so you get deteTA, pileTA)
DativeKOME?ČEMU?

To whom? To what?
The noun to which/ whom something is given, shown, etc.- Masc. nouns take an - U ending
- Fem. nouns drop the final -a and take an -i ending
- Neut. nouns drop the final -e or -o and take an - U ending
AccusativeKOGA? ŠTA?

Whom? What?
Usually the object of a sentence- Masc. nouns describing inanimate concepts don't change while nouns in animate category (person / animal / plant) take an - A ending, the same as the genitive case
- Fem. nouns drop the final -a and take an -U ending
- Neut.  nouns describing inanimate concepts don't change, regardless of the category (animate/inanimate) 
VocativeHEJ! Calling someone or in poems referring to something or some placeUsed to address somebody or something- Masc. nouns ending in a consonant take an - E ending, the ones ending in an -a drop the final -a and take an -O suffix, otherwise they don't change (examples: Dejvid - Dejvide! Pera - Pero! Mirko - Mirko! )
- Fem. nouns  of the foreign origin don't change in the locative, while the two and more syllable ones drop the final -a and take an -O ending, while names ending in -CA drop the final A and take an -E  (Marina! Kim! Nada - Nado! Ljubica - Ljubice!)
- Neut. nouns don't change 
InstrumentalS KIM?
ČIM?

Using, with, whom? Using, with, what?
Company (with preposition s) or utilization of something or someone to accomplish an action- Masc. nouns take an - OM ending
- Fem. nouns drop the final -a and take an -OM ending
- Neut. nouns drop the final -e or -o and take an - OM ending
>>> for all genders, after some "soft" sounds you will have an ending -EM (mužEM, tušEM...)
LocativeGDE?
O KOME? O ČEMU?

Where? About whom?
Location, Relation(It's good to know that the locative = dative in form)
- Masc. nouns take an - U ending
- Fem. nouns drop the final -a and take an -i ending
- Neut. nouns drop the final -e or -o and take an - U ending

Plural Cases Suffixes in Serbian ... coming soon

Exercise with Case Suffixes in Serbian


Draga Anna,

Hvala ti za predivnu idej__ kako da vodim ovaj blog. Trudiću se da redovno objavljujem kratke prič__ ili postov__ , bez nastavak__ za padež___, a rešenj___ ćeš moći da pročitaš u audio fajl__ na vrhu___ svak___ post___. U početk___ ću pisati lakše tekst___ , pa sve teže i teže. Možeš mi i dojaviti šta ti se sviđa, a šta ne u komentar___.
Pošto svakodnevno izmišljam test____ za učenik___ englesk___, neće mi biti teško da to radim i za srpsk___ . Nadam se da ćeš uživati, kao i ostali vredni učenic__ koji nalete na ovaj blog.
Do sledećeg javljanj___ sve najbolje i puno pozdrav___
od Marin___

 ps. the answer key is in comments

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Serbian 301 - Adjectives in Locative

Before we start working on Serbian adjective suffixes in the Locative case, let's listen to this beautiful song, where you'll get acquainted with one of the suffixes and learn it without thinking much about grammar:

U Novom Sadu,
u Novom Sadu hej
u Novom Sadu hej
ostadoh kraj tebe
(2x)


Ref. 2x
Oj Jelena oj Jelice
zagrli me, polubi me


Kraj tamburaša
i dobrog vina hej
u Novom Sadu hej
ostadoh zbog tebe
(2x)


Ref. 2x


Čim zora svane
i sunce grane hej
u Novom Sadu hej
šaljem ti poljubce.
(2x)


Ref. 2x


U Novom Sadu
u Novom Sadu hej
ostaću kraj tebe
moj slatki Anđele
(2x)
Ref. 2x

Now, let's try to do the following exercise:

Wednesday, September 28, 2016

How to Practice Personal Pronouns through Cases

If you are familiar with the personal pronouns in Serbian in the Nominative case, it's time for you to their different forms through various cases.

The clever way is to approach these more complicated forms through the texts you've done before, using the pronouns instead of nouns. For example:



If we turn all the nouns into the corresponding pronouns, we would get a fun story:

  • Želim da kupim njih. = Želim da ih kupim.
  • Da li  imate njih, ali u plavoj boji? = Da li ih imate, ali plave?
  • Da li možete da mi pokažete nju i njih = Da li možete da mi je pokažete i da mi ih pokažete?
  • Želim da kupim nju, nju i nju i njih. = Želim da je kupim i želim da ih kupim.
Now I have two questions:
  1. What does each pronoun in bold refer to?
  2. What changes does the word order cause?


However, the easiest way is to learn pronouns is through songs and exercises:

Since the courses Serbian 101 and Serbian 102 deal with the following cases:
  • Nominative (JA - TI/VI - ON - ONA - ON // MI - VI - ONI)
  • Accusative 
in Serbian 102 I introduced the pronouns in the Accusative

  • Accusative (MENE / SEBE - TEBE/ VAS - NJEGA - NJU(JE) - NJEGA // NAS - VAS - NJIH)

In Serbian 201 I introduce the pronouns in the Locative and Instrumental case:



  • Locative ( o MENI/ SEBI - TEBI - VAMA - NJEMU - NJOJ - NJEMU // NAMA - VAMA - NJIMA)
  • Instrumental (SA MNOM/SOBOM - TOBOM - VAMA - NJIM - NJOM - NJIM // NAMA - VAMA - NJIMA)
and we will practice them together in the next post!


Sunday, December 08, 2013

Serbian Language Tests - Locative 1

Saturday, March 13, 2010

Asking About Location in Serbian



Fourteen years ago on March, 13th 1996, this song was the Song of the Day at the local radio station. I remember listening to it every hour! Take a guess where I was by asking questions, as follows:

1. "Da li ste bili u + city ? "
(when you guess the name of the city, proceed to 2)
2. "Da li ste bili u + place ?"

1/Word Bank: ---> Locative Case

Bečej ----> Bečeju
Senta ----> Senti
Zrenjanin ---> Zrenjaninu
Novi Sad---> Novom Sadu
Šabac ---> Šapcu
Niš ---> Nišu
Kragujevac ---> Kragujevcu
now, you do the same...
Kraljevo --->
Milanovac --->
Paraćin--->
Subotica --->
Zaječar--->
Beograd --->

2/Word Bank for places ---> Locative


škola - školi

crkva - crkvi
centar - centru
važno mesto - važnom mestu
*now, you do the same...
zgrada
vrtić
prodavnica
sajam
knjižara
bolnica

Sunday, June 07, 2009

Present Tense Conjugation in Serbian

April u __________ by Zdravko Čolić





Listen to this lovely song and fill in the gaps. In order to be able to determine the right form, the corresponding subjects are highlighted red. If you need more info or practice on "u + location", check out the new blog post about the Locative case.


______________ (prolaziti) i ______________ (vraćati) se s lastama
Sunčani i nasmijani dani
opet
_________ (biti) u mojoj duši proljeće,
da l'
_________ (biti) djevojka il' žena sada ti?


April u Beograd__ uzaludno
(ja) ______________ (tražiti)
Usne jedne djevojke sto se divno
______________ (maziti)April u Beograd_ ____________ (milovati) joj kosu
Ispod Savskog mosta
to ____________ (biti) možda ona
Al' je
drugi _______________ (ljubiti). ______________ (prolaziti) i ______________ (vraćati) se s lastama
Sunčani i nasmijani dani
opet
_________ (biti) u mojoj duši proljeće,
da l'
_________ (biti) djevojka il' žena sada ti?



April u Beograd__ jedno prošlo doba
(ja)_______________ (nositi) ga u mislima iz vojnickih soba
April u Beograd__ umorno se
______________ (smešiti)
Ispod savskog mosta dok se sumrak ___________ (spremati)
vise mene
_______________ (nemati).



Locative in Serbian

Gap-fill exercise

Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues!
Part one:

Prolaze i vraćaju se s (with sparrows)
Sunčani i nasmijani (plural of "day" = dan)
opet je u proljeće, (my soul)
da l' si djevojka il' sada ti? (woman)

Chorus:

April u (Belgrade) uzaludno tražim
Usne jedne djevojke sto se divno mazi.
April u (Belgrade) miluje joj (hair in Acc.)
Ispod savskog mosta to je možda (she)
Al' je drugi ljubi.

Part one again

Chorus (a bit changed):
April u , jedno prošlo (age)
nosim ga u (thoughts) iz vojničkih soba
April u umorno se smeši
Ispod savskog mosta dok se (dusk) sprema
više mene nema.

Tuesday, February 04, 2020

Textbooks for Learning Serbian - Where are Kids?

My latest textbook is finally visible on Amazon :) I have created a video lesson for you, based on the first few pages. This is just an introduction in which you can practice one of the most commonly confused language chunks in Serbian:
  • I am going to ...  = idem u + accusative case e.g. idem u park - idem u prirodu
  • I am in / at = ja sam u/na + locative case e.g. ja sam u parku - ja sam u prirodi




As you can see, the page numbers are here and there, so you can learn the following phrases:

  • U gornjem desnom uglu = at the top right corner
  • U donjem levom uglu = at the bottom left corner
  • Na sredini = in the middle
This book also has all the letters (slova) of the Cyrillic alphabet hidden in it - all you have to do is look carefully. Once it was published it took me ages to find a few letters, they are hidden soooo well! The most important thing is that all 30 letters are in the book!

  • Koliko ste našli slova? 
  • Gde ste ih našli?
  • Koje slovo je bilo najteže naći?

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Serbian 102 - Nominative, Accusative and Locative


Let me tell you that the fifth book for learning Serbian is ready to be published. Here comes one exercise based from it. Let me know if it is useful and if you need more of these?



Monday, September 30, 2019

Learning Serbian Cyrillic with Easy to Read Books

I am happy to announce that my third book with easy texts both in Cyrillic and Latin alphabet, Who is Who, has been published!

Let me remind you of the first two books, which you can read along with me on my Youtube channel and Patreon page:

Easy to Read -  Šta možemo da vidimo na selu?



This book called "What you can see on the farm" is just the first part of the series covering animal and farm vocabulary,  together with  the most common verbs in Serbian.

Easy to Read -  Gde je ključ? 



In this second book, Where is the Key? I continue using the most common verbs which require the accusative case. We are also practicing introducing ourselves and our friends.  There is also a task for you to find ONE hidden key. If you are having problems finding it, do let me know!

Easy to Read -  Ko je ko?


In the third book, Who is Who, we are dealing with some similar names like Jovan and Jovana or Ivan and Ivana. Since they can be a bit confusing, we are trying to figure out who is who, by following our friends in search of one another. At the end of the book there is an Activity book where you need to find the hidden page numbers... a little bit of Locative case will always prove useful in the days to come :D


The Fourth Easy to Read book 

The name of the fourth book is "What we like" and it is all about games and seasons we like. It is to be published in October. This one is the easiest of all, and I am sure you'll love it! Watch this space :D

Tuesday, August 28, 2018

Learning Serbian with Jokes - Lesson 4

If you liked  the joke about an elephant, giraffe and the fridge, and all its variations through tenses, you will be more than happy to learn that there is a sequel to it :)




In this part you are simply learning to explain why not all the animals are at the lion's party.

Vocabulary:

  • slaviti = to celebrate
  • taj lav = the lion
  • rođendan = birthday
  • svi = all
  • životinja = animal
  • sve životinje = all the animals
  • žurka = party
  • njegova = his
  • na njegovoj žurci = at his party


Pay attention to the word PARTY - žurka:

  • Ovo je super žurka = This is a great party (Nominative)
  • Dolazim sa žurke = I am coming from the party (Genitive)
  • Idem ka žurci = I am going to(wards) the party (Dative)
  • Idem na žurku = I am going to the party (Accusative)
  • Lav je zadovoljan žurkom = The lion is satisfied with the party (Instrumental)
  • Lav je na žurci = The lion is at the party (Locative)



Saturday, August 04, 2018

Let's practice Locative, Accusative and Genitive with Vicevi

Friday, May 11, 2018

Learning Serbian with Games - Relative Pronouns

Today we are going to practice relative pronouns in Serbian in a fun way!



Relative pronouns /question words which and who in Serbian also change according to the number and gender, so I want you here to have fun playing a memory game + use a bit more complex sentences, such as:


  1. Vidim čoveka koji radi na kompjuteru.
  2. Vidim čoveka koji nosi kapu. 
  3. Vidim ženu koja razgovara s nekim. 
  4. Vidim dete koje nosi haljinu. 
Although the verb VIDETI to see, requires the accusative case, I'll list all the forms (declensions) of ko and koji below. 


Nominative - ko/ koji = who /which
  • čovek koji radi = a man who is working
  • žena kojA radi = a woman who is working
  • dete kojE radi = a child who is working
  • ljudi koji rade = people who are working
  • žene kojE rade = women who are working
  • deca kojA rade = children who are working
Genitive  - from whom / which
  • od kojeg(a) / kog(a) čoveka  
  • od koje žene  
  • od kog deteta
  • od kojih ljudi
  • od kojih žena
  • od koje dece
Dative - to whom / which
  • kojem / kom čoveku
  • kojoj ženi 
  • kojem / kom detetu
  • kojim ljudima
  • kojim ženama
  • kojim ljudima

Accusative - who(m) /which
  • kojeg / kog čoveka (animate category = gen.) ili koji hamburger (inanimate category)
  • koju ženu  
  • koje dete
  • koje ljude
  • koje žene
  • koju decu
Instrumental - with who(m) / which
  • sa kojim čovekom 
  • sa kojom ženom
  • sa kojim detetom 
  • sa kojim ljudima
  • sa kojim ženama
  • sa kojom decom

Locative - about who(m)/which
  • o kojem / kom čoveku
  • o kojoj ženi 
  • o kojem / kom detetu
  • o kojim ljudima
  • o kojim ženama
  • o kojim ljudima


Sunday, May 14, 2017

Where are you today? Part 2

What do you want to do TODAY?
Šta želite da radite DANAS?

Today I am in Paris. I want to see the Mona Lisa.
DANAS sam u Parizu.  Želim da vidim Mona Lizu.

Made with ToonyTool.com While in the previous lesson we noticed that the Locative Singular ending was only -i, it was like that simply because we were in places which are in Feminine Singular (U Moskvi, Aziji, Evropi, Budimpešti...)

However, today we are in having fun  in places which are Masculine Singular and that's why we add the suffix -u at the end of each place:


  1. Ja sam danas u Parizu. = Danas sam u Parizu.
  2. ...Beograd >>> Beogradu
  3. ...Lisabon >>> Lisabonu
  4. ... Sidnej >>> Sidneju
  5. ... Niš >>> Nišu
  6. ...muzej >>> muzeju
  7. ... centar >>> centru 

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