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Showing posts with label verb conjugations in Serbian. Show all posts
Showing posts with label verb conjugations in Serbian. Show all posts

Monday, March 01, 2021

Serbian 201 - Verb Conjugations, to Go, Eat, Drink

 To Go, Eat, Drink Conjugations

  • Kako se kaže TO GO na srpskom? Kaže se IĆI 
  • Kako se kaže TO EAT na srpskom? Kaže se JESTI
  • Kako se kaže TO DRINK na srpskom? Kaže se PITI

  • Let's see how we can use these three verbs in three different tenses in Serbian:


    Exercise with Serbian Verb Conjugations TO GO, EAT, DRINK


    Examples with Serbian Verb Conjugations TO GO, EAT, DRINK


    DANAS

    JUČE

    SUTRA

    IĆI 

    - Sada idem u prodavnicu.


    - Mama i ja obično idemo u bioskop petkom.

    - Išla sam u prodavnicu juče.


    - Išao sam sa mamom u bioskop prošlog petka.

    - Ja ću ići u školu sutra u 8 ujutro.

    - Deca u Kanadi će ići u školu od septembra. 

    JESTI

     - Šta radiš sada? Jedem burek.A ti?
    - Sada ne jedem. I ja isto jedem burek, ali samo vikendom. 

    - Jeo sam juče burek. 

    - Juče sam jela picu. 

    - Ja ću jesti sarmu sutra. 

    - Ješćemo sarmu sutra. 

    - Sutra ćete jesti sarmu.
    PITI- Hoćeš nešto da popiješ? Ne hvala, upravo pijem Fantu. 
    - Ljudi u Srbiji piju puno vode.
    - Pili smo mleko kad smo bili deca. 

    - Nisam pio mleko već šest godina. 
    - Popiću kaficu kad stignem kući. 
     



     

    Thursday, January 07, 2021

    Serbian 101 - with Language Games

     


    The easiest way to learn has always been through playing games. That's why I am sharing a very simple game about the verb to be in Serbian:



    Have fun!









    Wednesday, November 06, 2019

    Serbian 201 - Present and Past of Raditi

    One of the best ways to practice different tenses is to contrast them.  Today, the focus is on the verb TO WORK = raditi. Can you figure out which one is PAST and which one is PRESENT tense?

    1. Šta radiš?
    2. Šta si radila?
    3. Radimo u školi. 
    4. Radili smo u bolnici. 
    5. Sada ništa ne radim.
    6. Nisam ništa radila.
    Yes, I am sure you guessed that 1-3-5 sentences are in the present tense and the others are in the past. Now, let's do one exercise to choose the verb which is missing

    Present and Past of Raditi - Exercise




    Exercise with Present and Past of Raditi


    Game with Present and Past of Raditi


    Present and Past of Raditi - Test





    Saturday, May 12, 2018

    Serbian Conjugations - Speaking Exercise with To Have a Rest

    In this exercise we are going to practice only the imperfective form of the verb ODMARATI SE = to be having a rest.



    Take a look at these photos and make the following sentences:

    Present Tense Conjugations of Odmarati


    ODMARAM - ODMARAŠ - ODMARA ///ODMARAMO - ODMARATE - ODMARAJU



    1. Na prvoj slici vidim mladića u odelu koji SE ODMARA na poslu. 

    Past Tense Conjugations of To have a rest


    Odmarao - odmarala - odmaralo /// odmarali - odmarale - odmarala

    Primer.

    1. Na prvoj slici vidim mladića u odelu koji SE ODMARAO dok je bio na poslu.

    Future Tense Conjugations of To have a rest

    Odmaraću se - Odmaraćeš se - Odmaraće se /// Odmaraćemo se - Odmaraćete se - Odmaraće se


    Primer.

    1. Na prvoj slici vidim mladića u odelu koji ĆE SE ODMARATI kada bude na poslu.

    Tuesday, July 04, 2017

    Modal Verbs in Serbian - Can 2

    In the one of the previous lessons we practiced the verb CAN in the Present Tense in Serbian. Let's revise it once again:
    When you practised the verb MOĆI long enough, you are ready to solve the following mystery:

    Which words are missing?

    p.s. The response you can see here is from the famous song by Zdravko Čolić. If you like the song, let's learn how to sing it together :)

    Tuesday, June 20, 2017

    Why not Having Fun Learning Serbian Verbs?

    Monday, June 19, 2017

    Verb Conjugations in Serbian - Present Tense of Go

    Present Tense of to Go



    Here comes a short lesson with the verb IĆI = TO GO to in the Simple Present tense. The conjugations are as follows:

    1. Ja idem - ti ideš - on/ona/ono ide ///// mi idemo - vi idete - oni / one  / ona idu

    Common Serbian Phrases with this Verb


    How can you use the verb IĆI to create the most common phrases:

    1. Gde ideš? = Where are you going?
    2. Kada ideš u školu? = When are you going to school?
    3. Gde ideš u kupovinu/prodavnicu? = Where are you going shopping?
    4. Zašto ideš na posao tako kasno? = Why are you going to work so late?
    5. Gde ideš na odmor svake godine? = Where do you go on holiday every year?
    6. Kad idete na odmor? = When are you going on holiday?
    7. Ko ide u školu? = Who is going to school?
    8. Ko ide sa mnom? = Who is going with me?
    9. Ko ide ka Beogradu? = Who is going to (towards) Belgrade?
    10. Kada ideš u Beograd sa mamom? = When are you going to Belgrade with me?
    As you can see, this is a tricky verb, because it can be followed by nouns in different cases. The most common are:

    1. Accusative with the preposition "u / na" = in or to, as in GO TO

    examples:
    a. Idem na posao.
    b. Idemo u školu u 8 ujutro.
    c. Idemo na odmor  u avgustu.
    d. Svake godine idem na odmor u Grčku.
    e. Sutra idem u Beograd sa tobom.
    f. Idem ( u Beograd) sa mamom u petak. 
    g. Deca idu u školu.

    2. Instrumental with the preposition "sa" =with, as in GO with a friend

    examples:
    h. Baka ide sa mnom.
    i. Idem ( u Beograd) sa mamom u petak. 
    j. Zato što idem biciklom.

    3. Less frequently it will be followed by the Dative, with the preposition "ka / prema" = towards, as in GO TOWARDS.

    examples:
    k. Mi idemo ka Beogradu. Možete li da nas povedete?


    Your task

    Try to match the questions 1 to 10 with the answers a to k. and record them with www.Vocaroo.com. You can send them to me and get your replies via Patreon.

    Thursday, June 15, 2017

    Daily Routines in Serbian



    Daily Routines in Serbian

    1. PRATI RUKE = to wash hands
    2. PRATI SUDOVE = to wash the dishes
    3. SPAVATI = to sleep
    4. UČITI = to learn
    5. DRUŽITE SE = to hang out (with friends)
    6. DORUČKOVATI = to have breakfast
    7. RUČATI = to have lunch
    8. VEČERATI = to have dinner
    9. PITI VODU = to drink water

    For the video lesson, check out my Patreon blog. Thanks for learning with my lessons :D HVALA! .

    Let's Practice DAily Routines with Quizlet





    Thursday, May 18, 2017

    Hteti - Will or Want?

    One of the frequent questions is how to translate Serbian "hteti" into English?

    Made with ToonyTool.com

    Hteti - Will or Want?

    The simple truth is that the verb "hteti" can be translated into English in both ways, either will or want to, or even wish. The best way is to learn through some examples.

    Želeti vs. Hteti

    1. Hoćeš li mi  pomoći? Will you help me? (pure future ) - Hoću! Pomoći ću ti (Yes, I'll help you)
    2. Hoćeš li prestati već jednom? Will you stop it once and for all? - Neću! (I won't)
    3. Hoćeš li da mi pomogneš? Do you want to help me? (a bit stronger than "want") - Naravno! Of course! Svakako! Sure! 
    4. Da li hoćeš da idemo u Beograd? Do you want us to go to Belgrade?
    5. Želiš li da mi pomogneš? Do you wish/want to help me? (a bit more like "wish" than "want") - Kako da ne! Sure!
    6. Šta želiš da ti kupim u Beogradu? What do you want me to buy you in Belgrade?

    Accepting and Declining 


    The other set of useful phrases which we can learn from is how to best respond to questions starting with "Will you?" or "Do you want to....?"

    Prihvatanje/potvrđivanje = Accepting
    • Naravno
    • Svakako
    • Nema problema
    • Kako da ne
    • Hoću (if the question starts with Hoćeš li...?)
    • Želim (if the question starts with Želiš li...?)
    • Da
    • Jašta (colloquial + archaic, but fun)
    Odbijanje = Declining

    • Nema šanse (no way)
    • Nikako (no way)
    • Neću / Ne želim
    • Ne, hvala (no, thanks)
    • Jok (colloquial + archaic, but fun)


    Saturday, April 22, 2017

    Perfective and Imperfective Aspect in Serbian

    In today's lesson we will learn the following verbs

    Perfective Aspect = Svršeni glagolski vid 


    1. šutnuti = to kick
    2. skočiti = to jump
    3. potrčati / trčati = to run
    4. povući = to pull
    5. otvoriti = to open
    6. gurnuti = to push
    7. zatvoriti = to close
    8. uhvatiti = to catch

    Imperfective Aspect = Nesvršeni glagolski vid 


    1. šutirati = to be kicking
    2. skakati = to be jumping
    3. trčati = to be running
    4. povlačiti / vući = to be pulling
    5. otvArati= to be opening
    6. zatvAriti = to be closing
    7. zatvArati= to be closing
    8. hvatA = to be catching

    We'll use them in the past tense.

    Prošlo vreme, perfektni oblik = Past Simple Tense 


    He kickED the ball - on je šutnuo loptu
    he jumpED - on je skočio
    he ran - on je potrčao
    he pullED the box - on je povukao kutiju
    he openED the door - on je otvorio vrata
    he pushED the box - on je gurnuo kutiju
    he closeD the door - on je zatvorio vrata
    he caught the ball - on je uhvatio loptu

    Click here for the full version.

    As you can see each aspect has a different or slightly different form. That's why I am making the short videos with conjugations so you can hear and see the conjugations clearly. Let's focus on the fun task in front of us today, and in the following days you can expect me to focus more on the conjugations of the each verbs with fun exercises. Looking forward to getting your vocaroo.com stories in both aspects :)

    Monday, April 10, 2017

    Serbian Conjugations - Verb to Have

    Today I am sharing with you conjugations with the verb TO HAVE = IMATI + words in an office:



    Present Simple of Verb to HAVE:


    JA imam
    TI imaš
    ON-ONA-ONO ima
    MI imamo
    VI imate
    ONI-ONE-ONA imaju

    Nouns Following the Verb to Have


    Feminine Sg:
    1. stolica = chair
    2. kanta = bin
    3. biljka = plant
    4. diploma = diploma
    5. klima = air conditioning
    6. slika = picture

    Masculine Pl:
    1. sto = table
    2. kompjuter = computer
    3. telefon = telephone
    4. sertifikat = certificate
    5. ormarić = filing cabinet
    6. sat = clock

    Speaking and Writing exercise




    If you are curious as to why the final -a in the fem. sg. noun changes, do check the theory about the Accusative case. Even if you are not interested in the cases, after practising with this video lesson, you will be able to say and write these examples correctly.

    If you would like to enjoy the full version with exercises such as this one with the verbs live and work, you are welcome to support my work on Patreon :)

    p.s. You are enjoying these cute little animations, thanks to the consistent support of my five current Patrons!  Hvala im :)

    Monday, March 20, 2017

    Where do You Work?

    In the verb conjugation series of videos, I just published a new video with a lot of examples how to use the verb TO WORK = raditi in the Present Tense.




    Useful Vocabulary


    In this lesson we are practicing the verb TO WORK in = raditi u ...

    1. raditi = to work
    2. škola = school
    3. bolnica = hospital
    4. prodavnica = shop
    5. muzej = museum
    6. pozorište = theatre
    7. lekar = (medical) doctor
    8. medicinska sestra = nurse

    RADIM - RADIŠ - RADI // RADIMO - RADITE - RADE

    To practice with a short story based on the verbs to go to, to live and to work, you're invited to follow Patreon blog! You can regularly access interactive surveys like this one:

    ... and get my feedback :)

    Sunday, October 12, 2014

    Serbian for Beginners - Let's Conjugate Together

    Video with Verb Conjugations

    This video is made for you to practise conjugating Serbian verbs in the Simple Present tense. For more advanced students, this video lesson can be also used for making sentences in the past or future tense or in the conditionals.
    • imati = to have
    • videti = to see
    • voleti = to like
    together with nouns which denote:

    • places
    • plants and animals
    • colours
    • entertainment

    Conjugations




    Thursday, February 06, 2014

    Verb Conjugations in Serbian - koristiti

    Here comes a brand new video lesson with the verb "koristiti" or "to use". This verb is commonly followed by the Accusative case and you can practise using both singular and plural form of the nouns while watching this video:














    This sounds very simple until you want to make more complicated sentences or to say what is useful to you (šta TI koristi?) and similar. That's why my next post will cover collocations and phrases with this verb used in many different contexts, similar to the previous ones.

    Sunday, November 10, 2013

    Serbian Conjugations in Cyrillic Script

    If you have always wondered it there were any videos with conjugations in Serbian with the Cyrillic script, here they come :

    With this video you can not only pronounce the Simple present conjugations of the verb "zvati se", but you can also practise its word order and asking and answering simple questions in the second part of the video. Which words are missing there ?

    Thursday, September 19, 2013

    The Meaning of the Verb "slagati se " in Serbian

    Slažu se kao pas i mačka :)
    The verb "slagati se" imperf.(with first "a" being long) /"složiti se" perf.  = to agree * can have a range of different meanings in Serbian and we're going to discuss them today, because I'll need it for my next lesson about Serbian history.

    • If two colours match, we say "slažu se". For example: Plava se slaže sa žutom, ali se ne slaže sa crvenom (slagati se = to match)
    • If a brother and sister get on/along with each other, we say "oni se slažu". For example: Baš imaš sreće, tvoj  brat i ti se dobro slažete. (You are rally lucky, your brother and you get along very well)
    • If you agree to go out with your friend, you will say: "slažem se". For example: Hoćeš li da idemo u restoran večeras ? Važi, slažem se! (Would you like to go to a restaurant tonight ? OK, I agree!)
    • If two people are at each other's throats, i.e." fight like cat(s) and dog(s)" you can similarly describe it in Serbian as "slažu se kao pas i mačka"!
    The simple present tense conjugations of the verb SLAGATI:
    (Sg) Slažem se - slažeš se - slaže se  (Pl) Slažemo se - slažete se - slažu se 

    The past tense verb forms 
    - Imperfective aspect
    ( _ denotes the auxiliary "to be" which shows which person is the sentence referring to)
    (Sg) M slagao _ se, F slagala _ se, N slagalo _  se
    (Pl) M slagali _ se , F slagale _ se, N slagala _ se
    - Perfective aspect:

    ( _ denotes the auxiliary "to be" which shows which person is the sentence referring to)
    (Sg) M složio _ se, F složila _ se, N složilo _  se
    (Pl) M složili _ se , F složile _ se, N složila _ se


    The simple future forms:
    - Imperfective aspect
    (Sg) Slagaću se - slagaćeš se - slagaće se
    (Pl) Slagaćemo se - slagaćete se - slagaće se
    Perfective aspect:
    (Sg) Složiću se - složićeš se - složiće se
    (Pl) Složićemo se - složićeš se - složiće se

    * You might also find the word "slagati" which means "to lie", but the stress pattern is different (with the first  "a" being short) and there is no reflexive " se".
    ** You might also find the word "slagati" with the same  stress pattern as "slagati se" (to agree), but without the reflexive "se". In that case, the verb "slagati" means "to stack things" or " to put things in order" 

    Wednesday, March 13, 2013

    Pre-intermediate Serbian - Conjugator

    While in the first four lessons of the Serbian for pre-intermediate level there was the emphasis on the nouns and cases, in the previous post, the more important topic started to emerge - and that's the one of the verb conjugation system in Serbian. That's why I made this short universal Serbian conjugations video to help you practise the verb conjugations for verbs we'll be covering in the future:

    How to use it:
    1. Decide which verb you want to conjugate - or the Latin script version
    2. Practise saying the verbs with the video - pay attention, in the second part of the video you have to figure out what the subject is (ja, ti, on/ona/ono, mi, vi, or oni/one/ona)
    3. In the previous lessons we did the verbs "ići", "živeti" and "govoriti" - if you can conjugate these verbs in the Simple Present, you are ready for the next step

    Wednesday, March 06, 2013

    Serbian Lesson 4 for Pre-intermediate Level

    I'm sure that now you are much more confident in using the Locative case to express where you are:
    Last time you practised the Locative with the verbs:
    • govoriti = to speak
    • živeti = to live 
    In this fourth lesson at pre-intermediate level of Serbian, you are going to discover that the Dative case  which combines with the verbs describing movement, like "going towards" = ići ka, has the same form as the Locative, which is awesome!
    Before we do this fun exercise (in my classes my students and I play this language game), let me remind you of the conjugations for the new verb, which we'll need in this lesson:
    • ići = to go
    We'll need the imperative form "go", which can be used :
    • formally: "idite ka" ("go towards" with Vi)
    • informally: "idi ka" ("go towards" with ti)

    Saturday, March 02, 2013

    Learn Serbian 365 Days with Songs and Poems- Day 19



    Although this poem is not written by a Serbian, but a Russian poet, I'm sure you'll enjoy listening to Rade Šerbedžija, our renowned actor, and his uniqe interpretation :)

    This poem is perfect for getting to know the verb "to wait" and its

    • imperative form "čekaj"
    • the pronouns following it "čekaj + me"
    • the word order: Čekaj me vs. Samo me čekaj dugo
    • parts of speech: čekati (infinitive) čekanje (noun)
    • conjugations

    Monday, February 18, 2013

    Serbian Language Day 7 - Video Series, Films and Podcasts for learning Serbian

    Youtube is a great source of unique and authentic materials for learning Serbian, which I have been sharing with you under "listening comprehension" tag. One of the best and most comprehensible TV series for learning the Serbian language are surely ancient "Neven", as well as "Poletarac", directed by Timothy Byford and featuring the most prominent actors, actresses and sportsmen from ex-Yugoslavia in the early eighties.

    Watch the first part of "Poletarac" and you'll see why it can come in handy when learning Serbian:

    1. Part one about swimming (plivanje) and knowing (znanje) from the beginning to minute 3:00
    • plivati = to swim
    • znati = to know, can (I can swim = Znam da plivam)
    • ko zna  da pliva = who knows to / can swim ?
    • osim = except
    • žaba = frog
    • imati = to have
    • da li žaba ima zube ? = does a frog have teeth ?
    • ne znam = I don't know 
    2. Part two about telling the time (koliko je sati) and numbers (from 3:00-4:00)
    • koliko je sati ? = what's the time ?
    • sada je tačno jedan sat = it's one o'clock sharp
    • jedan i dva SU tri = one and two are three
    • ovo je jedna žaba = this is a frog
    • ovo su dve žabe = these are two frogs
    • lopta je okrugla = the ball is round
    • Zemlja je okrugla = the Earth is round
    3. Part three about APPLES (from 5:30)
    • jabuka = an apple
    • koliko imate jabuka = how many apples do you have ?
    • imam tri jabuke = I have three apples
    • ljuštiti = to peal
    4. Part four about UP and DOWN (from 6.30)
    • sad = now
    • gore = up
    • dole = down
    • sad sam dole = now I'm down
    • sad sam gore = now I'm up
    • visoko = high
    • nisko = low
    5: Part five with the short answers (from 8:00)
    • Da li imam zube = Do I have teeth ? 
    • Imam = I do
    • imati   = to have
    • Da li sam zelen kao žaba ? = Am I green like a frog ?
    • Nisam = I'm not
    • skakati = to jump
    • Da li skačem kao žaba ? = Do I jump like a frog ?
    6: Part six - thanking and greetings
    • hvala = thank you
    • doviđenja = goodbye
    • hvala Vam najlepše = many thanks
    • drago mi je = I'm glad
    7. Part seven (from 10:50) about bees and numbers
    • ovo je ... = this is...
    • pčela = bee
    • hive = košnica
    • fabrika = factory
    • roj (pčela) = swarm
    • med = honey
    • ko bude jeo..., biće ... = the one who eats..., he'll be...


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